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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Food supply of mining community of Lensk-Vitim gold-mining districts during the World War I

Dolidovich Olesya Mikhailovna

PhD in History

Associate Professor, Department of Contemporary Educational Technologies, Siberian Federal University 

660041, Russia, Krasnoyarskii krai, g. Krasnoyarsk, prospekt Svobodnyi, 79

dolidovich@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30691

Review date:

03-09-2019


Publish date:

30-09-2019


Abstract.

This article explores the problems of food supply of mining community of Lensk-Vitim gold-mining districts during the World War I, as well as the measures taken by the government to resolve them. The author determines the peculiarities of the delivery of food products established by the beginning of the XX century under the influence of geographical position and transport infrastructure. The article demonstrates the impact of procurement activities of the Lensk gold-mining community upon the local market conjuncture, as well as the emerging difficulties such as shortage of delivery from Irkutsk and speculation of traders. It is noted that the administration of the province strived to maintain same rate of gold extraction and was careful to avoid the reoccurrence of the tragic events of 1912. The conclusion is drawn that the authorities were able to avert interruption in supply of the territories and prevent outrage on the part of workers until 1916. The use of narrative method helped to select and interpret the historical facts of the problem under consideration; historical-genetic method allowed identifying the causes that led to difficulties of food supply of mining community of Lensk-Vitim gold-mining district during the wartime; systemic method played an important role in correlating the regional events with the spread of food crisis in the Irkutsk Province. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that based on the archival and published sources the author is first to conduct special research on food supply of the northern gold-mining territories of Eastern Siberia during the World War I, assess the performance of the provincial government, as well as describe the priorities of economic policy of the imperial government in this remote region.

Keywords: gold mines workers, First World War, Lena Gold Partnership, Lensko-Vitimsky gold mining region, Irkutsk governor, Irkutsk province, Eastern Siberia, Bodaibo, food supply, food crisis
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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