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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Postwar industrial development of the Ural Region as reflected by statistics (1945-1955)
Mikheev Mikhail Viktorovich

PhD in History

Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16, of. 1114

mikheev666@yandex.ru
P'yankov Stepan Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620219, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16, of. 1114

kliostefan@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Simonov Maksim Anatol'evich

Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16

m.a.simonov1@yandex.ru
Tyushnyakov Svyatoslav Mikhailovich

Chief Archivist, Documentation Center of Nongovernmental Organizations of Sverdlovsk Oblast

620075, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Pushkina, 22

Slava.tyshnyakov@gmail.com

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the implementation of the regional economic policy of USSR with regards to the industrial Ural in 1945-1955. Based on the records on industrial output and transport statistics, the article examines the peculiarities of postwar development of the Ural industry, describes the industrial growth rates. Determines the structural changes in production during the first postwar decade. The relevance of the study is substantiated by the more profound understanding of the transformation process of industrial production of Ural Region after the end of the Great Patriotic War. Systematization and analysis of statistical data allow concretizing the existing historical-economic knowledge on the efficiency of postwar economic policy in USSR. Statistical method of collation and grouping help systematizing the quantitative data on the industrial growth rates, determined the development trends of Ural industry, as well as demonstrate changes in the structure of production. The use of descriptive method allows characterizing the transformations in the industrial development. Historical-genetic method reveals the factors of disproportions in economic development. Historical-systemic method views the process of implementation of economic policy in the Ural Region comprising its industries as a whole, as well as in broad ties and relationships with the neighboring territories.  The scientific novelty lies in conducting a special scientific research dedicated to postwar industrial development of the Ural Region involving the previously unused archival documents. The conclusion is made that the plans on creation a “closed cycle” production in Ural were not implemented to full extent. Despite the significant success of industry and high growth rates of gross figures, the economic development in the region retained substantial disproportions of development.

Keywords: regional economic policy, railway statistics, industry statistics, V Five-Year Plan, IV Five-Year Plan, Ural, late Stalin period, economic history, history of industry, interregional economic relations

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30664

Article was received:

30-08-2019


Review date:

30-08-2019


Publish date:

02-09-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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