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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Agrarian reforms in Tobolsk (Tyumen) Governorate during the period of military-communist experiment (1918-1921)

Aksarin Vyacheslav Valerievich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Tobolsk Complex Scientific Station of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

626152, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Akademika Yu.osipova, 15

aksarin_80@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.10.30644

Review date:

28-08-2019


Publish date:

29-10-2019


Abstract.

The object of this research is the policy of “war communism” conducted during the escalated military-political crises by the central and local government authorities in Soviet Russia. The subject of this research is the agrarian reforms executed by the Soviet authorities in the territory of Tobolsk (Tyumen) Governorate during the time of Civil War (1918-1921). Leaning on the documentary materials of Tobolsk State Archive, the author meticulously examines such aspects of the topic as the implementation of food policy of requisitioning of agricultural products, creation of Committees of Poor Peasants , and exemption of “excess” from the population. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that based on the newly introduced into the scientific discourse archival materials and a number of other sources, the author analyzes agrarian reforms conducted in Tobolsk (Tyumen) Governorate during the period of military-communist experiment, reflected in the policy of requisitioning of agricultural products, creation of Committees of Poor Peasants  and exemption of agricultural “surplus” from the population.  The author believes that increase of administrative control over requisitioning of agricultural products along with tightening of food policy led to a more severe crisis among rural population of the governorate. In the conditions of socioeconomic and political crisis caused by the Civil War and frequent change power, the measures taken by the local authorities delayed and had certain peculiarities. The conclusion is made on the egregious excesses that carried anti-peasant character and drastic consequences of the reforms for the residents of governorate.

Keywords: requisition, commissioner, food detachment, procontra, food schedule, food policy, the committees of the poor, Tobolsk province, military-communist experiment, Tobolsk
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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