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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The problem of quality of consumer goods in USSR during the 1955-1975 (on the materials of clothing industry of Krasnodar Krai)
Shumkin Georgy Nikolaevich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. S. Kovalevskoi, 16

shumk@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

 
The object of this research is the fuel and energy base of ferrous metallurgy of Ural in the late XIX – early XX centuries. Leaning on the materials of Compilations of statistical records of mining industry of Russia” for 1882-1911, the article examines the dynamics of consumption of the various types of fuel; determines the total volume of fuel consumption (tonnage-wise of reference fuel) and specific gravity of vegetal fuel (firewood, charcoal) and mineral fuel (bituminous coal, mazut, peat); reveals the portions of fuel consumed by iron plants and other sectors of mining industry of Ural. The records on collecting fuel by the Ural steel companies and its consumption by iron plants are compiled in a table (over 10,300 of reporting units). The acquired results are converted to reference fuel (by caloric coefficients) and subjected to analysis. The scientific novelty consists that the fact that the article is first in historiography to examine the fuel and energy base of ferrous metallurgy of Ural in the late XIX – early XX centuries. The conclusion is made that the  deficit of wood fuel, which has been the major energy resource, led to rationalization of the fuel and energy base. As a result, fuel consumption in semi-integrated steelworks (production of iron, steel, hardware) per production unit has reduced by five times in thirty years.
 

Keywords: firewood, industrialization, energy, fuel, ferrous metallurgy, Ural, mining industry, charcoal, coal, peat

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30640

Article was received:

27-08-2019


Review date:

28-08-2019


Publish date:

30-09-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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