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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The extremes in the everyday life of the population of Western Siberia during the time of epidemics of the late XIX – early XX centuries
Tatarnikova Anna Ivanovna

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Tobolsk Complex Scientific State of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

626152, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Ak. Yu. Osipova, 15

tatob777@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

 The object of this research is the population of Western Siberia considering its social diversity (city people, peasants, migrant peasants). The subject of this research is the everyday life of residents of the region in the extreme conditions of mass epidemics that took countless lives. The author characterizes the state of surrounding environment, level of medical development and sanitary-hygiene culture of the population, and determines their effect upon high mortality rate caused by different types of epidemics. Attention is focused on the behavioral practices, survival strategies of various social groups during the time of epidemics, which provoke changes in the everyday, routine life. The study is based on the complex approach with the elements interdisciplinary research allowing to trace the transformation of traditional values and mentality under the influence of extreme conditions of life. The conclusion is made on the impact of extreme conditions of the time of epidemics upon the transformation of everyday behavioral models and pursuit of survival strategies, reflected in the gradual alienation from the irrational ways of fighting infection, turning to official medicine, usage of decontamination means, cleaning of housings and curtilages, due attention to personal hygiene. During the time of epidemics, emotional and behavioral reactions were majorly affected by such factors as the affiliation to a certain social group, level of financial wealth, level of education, individual peculiarities of psyche and perception of illness and death of family members, attitudes on “unresolvable” problems of deviant and delinquent behavior.

Keywords: official medicine, selfgovernment, sanitary condition, epidemic, extreme conditions, everyday life, population, mentality, pattern of behavior, survival strategy

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30475

Article was received:

09-09-2019


Review date:

08-09-2019


Publish date:

30-09-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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