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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Russian village in the late XIX - early XX century: the verges of peasants deviant behavior (Part 2)
Bezgin Vladimir Borisovich

Doctor of History

professor of the Department of History and Philosophy at Tambov State Technical University

392000, Russia, Tambov Region, Tambov, str. Sovetstkaya, 106

vladyka62@mail.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The article presents a research on the deviant behavior of Russian peasants in the era of modernization of Russia in the late XIX - early XX century. The author studies the problem of suicide among the peasants and the attitude of rural population to the facts of euthanasia. On the basis of archival materials author analyzes the dynamics of rural suicide, describes methods and motives of farmers’ suicide. The article clarifies the attitude of the rural population towards alcohol and determines the cause and extent of alcoholism in the village environment.
Mental illnesses in a Russian village were not common, mental disorder was seen as a phenomenon that violates the usual rules and can potentially be dangerous. The article determines the level of spread of such crimes as infanticide and abortion in the Russian village, discloses its causes, nature and motives. The article brings the analysis of deviant behavior of Russian peasants in intimacies, disclosure the patterns of premarital and marital behavior and the attitude of the villagers to the deordination of the rules of marriage. The author describes reasons and forms of rural prostitution as well as the attitude of Russian villagers to fornication and adultery. The article shows different types of sexual crimes among Russian peasants, the motives and the extent of their expansion. The author describes the criminal laws of the Russian Empire and the legal views of rural residents in respect of such crimes. The article shows the examples of sexual inversions among the peasants and the reaction to it by the local population.
As the result of this study the author finds deviant behavior of Russian peasants to be a result of the modernization processes in the country in the late XIX - early XX century. With the influence of the city, migratory fisheries, social mobility of residents of the village the accustomed relations, community and family foundations and patriarchal customs were destroyed and therefore the various forms of peasant deviance reinforced.

Keywords: drunkenness, modernization, deviant behavior, peasantry, Russian village, prostitution, rape, incest, sex inversion, crime

Article was received:

18-11-2019


Review date:

18-11-2019


Publish date:

1-12-2012


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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