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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

State of criminology at the turn of the 1920Тs Ц 1930Тs

Ul'yanov Mikhail Vladimirovich

PhD in Law

Senior Research Associate, National Research Institute of the University of Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation

123022, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. 2-Ya zvenigorodskaya, 15

m.ulyanov2@yandex.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.10.30008

Review date:

14-06-2019


Publish date:

29-10-2019


Abstract.

This article is dedicated to the circumstances that directly affected the change of character of criminological research during the early 1930’s. Special attention is paid to the substantial contradictions between the representatives of the People's Commissariat for Justice and People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (NKVD). The interministerial opposition also reflected in criticism of the work of the criminological establishments that were under the jurisdiction of NKVD. The paramount importance belonged to the dispute on studying criminal activity in USSR, organized in 1929 by the sector of state and law of the Communist Academy after publication of the article by S. Y. Bulatov “The Revival of Lombroso in the Soviet Criminology”. The conclusion is made that the changes that took place at the turn of the 1930’s in the field of studying criminal activity, were substantiated by a set of various circumstances, including rival for the leadership in the law enforcement system and dominance of different government agencies in the ideological sphere of society.

Keywords: positive method, neolombrozianstvo, state institute, PeopleТs Commissariat of Justice, NKVD, soviet criminology, criminological studies, Communist Academy, interdepartmental struggle, study of crime
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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