Статья 'Трансформация института правительственных комиссаров в Cтавропольской губернии в 1917 г. ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Transformation of the institution of government commissars in the Stavropol Governorate in 1917

Filatova Zhanna Viktorovna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of History, Law and Social Disciplines, Stavropol State Pedagogical University (Essentuki Branch)

357600, Russia, Stavropol'skii krai, g. Essentuki, ul. Dolina Roz, 7

filatowa_zhanna@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.6.29943

Review date:

06-06-2019


Publish date:

18-07-2019


Abstract.

This article is dedicated to examination of the establishment and development of the institution of government commissars after the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution. The relevance of this research lies in the analysis of the core reforms of local governance within the specified period, determination of trends in transformation of the local administrative system, study the reforms of this system in the past, considering the possibility of usage of such experience in modern practice. The author analyses the processes of transformation of power of the instate of government commissars – local governing body of the Provisional Government in the Stavropol Governorate over the period from March to December 1917. All attempts of the government commissioner to conduct socioeconomic reforms in the governorate were rather shallow and did not pertain to the basic political statutes of society, set by autocracy in the past. The application of historical comparative method allows determining the common and peculiar characteristics of the local governing bodies in Stavropol Governorate, as well as pursue correlation between the processes of their transformation during this time. The conclusion is made that the institute of government commissars in its concept remained a brogues authority and represented the interest of the well-off population. This institution neither realized the given administrative opportunities, nor established order in the various spheres of life of the governorate. On the background of disappointment with the work of the institute of government commissars and other bourgeois authorities by the end of 1917, the population of Stavropol Governorate supported the Congress of Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies that promoted socially important slogans.

Keywords: the bourgeois authorities, the government Commissioner, local authorities, the Provisional government, the autocracy, the post-revolutionary transformation, political foundations of society, the Executive functions, Bolsheviks, the Soviets
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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