Статья 'НКВД и ВЦИК: роль в организации избирательных кампаний в РСФСР (1917 – 1924 гг.)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) and All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK): the role in organization of election campaigns in RSFSR (1917-1924)

Salamatova Marina Sergeevna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management

630099, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Kamenskaya, 56

salamatova.m@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.5.29857

Review date:

26-05-2019


Publish date:

30-05-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the involvement of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs and the All-Russian Central Executive Committee in organization of elections to Soviets and congresses of Soviets during the establishment of the Soviet State from 1917 to 1924.  Due to the absence of the nationwide specialized elective body, the key role in leading the election campaigns in RSFSR throughout the indicated period belonged to NKVD. The article describes the peculiarities of establishment and exercise of powers of People’s Commissariat in organization of elections. The scientific novelty lies in examination of the role of the supreme and central Soviet bodies in the organization of election campaigns during the establishment of the Soviet State based on the newly introduced to the scientific discourse archival materials and published sources. Soviet organization of elective bodies significantly reproduced the prerevolutionary model, and suggested the creation of specialized elective bodies at the local levels while retaining a substantial role of administrative branches under the authority of NKVD. The People’s Commissariat did not consider the organization of elections for Internal Affairs as a priority sphere of activity, which led to a chaotic and unsystematic exercise of powers in leading the election campaigns. Ineffective exercise of powers with regard to elections by the central apparatus of NKVD, as well as its territorial branches, logically led to reorganization of NKVD apparatus and delegation of these powers to subdivisions of VTsIK and executive committees of the Soviets.

Keywords: determining the circle of persons deprived of voting rights, consideration of complaints deprived, electoral statistics, the exercise of authority, Soviet election campaigns, All-Russian Central Executive Committee, Commissariat of Internal Affairs, territorial bodies of the Commissariat, reorganization of the Commissariat, interagency conflicts
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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