Статья 'Русская кавалерия после Крымской войны: основные сценарии развития ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Russian cavalry after the Crimean War: main scenarios of development

Shapiro Bella

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Museology, Russian State University for the Humanities

125993, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miusskaya Ploshchad', 6

b.shapiro@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.5.29721

Review date:

16-05-2019


Publish date:

30-05-2019


Abstract.

The defeat in the Crimean War started one of the most controversial periods in the history of Russian cavalry.  Much of what became an inseparable part of military science by 1850’s, in the second part of the XIX century forced to raise a question about the role of cavalry in the theatre of war. Therefore, the goal of this research lies in the analysis of the dynamics of development of Russian cavalry during the reign of Alexander II, initiated by the defeat in Crimean War and subsequent reforms. The author attempt to restore the history of evolution of the Russian cavalry over the period from 1855 to 1881, as well as determine the landmark changes and their consequences. The focus is made on the three different development phases: after the end of the Crimean War; in the 1860’s; and in the 1870’s. The archival materials that allow tracing the roots of the crisis of Russia cavalry in the 1850’s, as well as the dynamic of overcoming the crisis during the reign of Alexander II (1855-1881), are introduced into the scientific discourse. The acquired results lead to the conclusion that in a quarter of century, Russian cavalry has significantly improved its situation. A benchmark for its future development becomes the Cossack Cavalry; the key development vectors – narrowly specialized training, including the strengthening of material and scientific base, advancement of military hippology, military equestrianism, and sport horse breeding.

Keywords: Nikolaev cavalry school, military cavalry, Russian-Turkish war, Eastern war, Crimean war, military history, Alexander II, Cossacks, hippology, horse history
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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