Статья 'Обследование Урянхайского края Русским Географическим обществом во второй половине XIX - первой половине XX вв. ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Exploration of Uriankhai Region by the Russian Geographical Society in the late XIX – early XX century

Dary-Surun Saiyn Arkad'evich

Post-graduate student, the department of Russian History, Katanov State University of Khakassia

667000, Russia, respublika Tyva, g. Kyzyl, ul. Kaa-Khem, 90, kv. 115




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Uriankhai Region is the last of the Russian lands that was formally accepted as a protectorate of the Russian Empire in 1914. Although the “Uriankhai Question”, namely the dispute between Russian, China and Mongolia over the territory and richness in natural resources, which emerged earlier, attracting the travelers from other countries, including Russian merchants and the scholars from the Russian Geographical Society. The goal of this article is todetermine the main stages, causes and difficulties of exploration of Uriankhai Region by the Russian Geographical Society, as well as the objectives that required meticulous examination of the historical landmarks via external description and comparison, as well as archeological excavations. This work reveals the questions of Russia-China relations with regards to Tuva; Russian-Tuvan trade and border question; feudal nature of social relations in Tuva; and the goals of the Russian Geographical Society associated with studying the natural and geographical conditions, as well as political situation of Tuva during this period. Since the end of the XIX and until the beginning of the X century, there has been more targeted attention aimed at research of the peoples of Siberia, particularly Tuvans, rather than for the previous 150 years. Since the establishment of the Russian Geographical Society, one of the priority task, besides studying the Siberian ethnic groups, became the exploration of particular Asian countries that were a matter of great practical and scientific interest.

Keywords: the Russian-Chinese relationship, peasant colonization, archaeological monument, social structure, trade expedition, Russian geographical society, border issue, Russian trade, feudalism, Urianhai region
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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