Статья 'Генезис и становление института наследования в первобытно-родовом обществе ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Genesis and establishment of the institution of inheritance in primitive clan society

Sheptalin Aleksei

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Udmurt State University

426034, Russia, respublika Udmurtskaya, g. Izhevsk, ul. Universitetskaya, 1, korpus 4, of. 341

sheptalin@list.ru
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DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.10.29223

Review date:

13-03-2019


Publish date:

29-10-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the set of factors and peculiarities of the emergence of institution of inheritance and its establishment in the late-clan community. The goal of this article lies in the attempt of approximate reconstruction of genesis and establishment of the institution of inheritance in primeval society at the stage of emergence and institutionalization of private property. The research objectives lies in determination of the key stages of genesis of the institution of inheritance; as well as in review of the types, forms, principles, limitations, heirs, economic and cultural specificity, and normative status of heritable property. Methodology is based on the concept of multilinear neoevolutionism that allows usage and generalization of ethnological materials on primitive societies for the purpose of reconstruction of preliterate past. The author introduces ethnological materials of the XVIII – early XX centuries that describe synpolite primitive tribes that retained a centuries-old way of life and were never exposed to a direct influence of civilization. The conducted research is highly relevant, since genesis of the institution of inheritance has not previously become the subject of particular consideration within the Russian legal science. The author examines the multi-stage evolution of the institute of inheritance on the examples of tribes of the various economic and cultural types and levels. In the context of emergence and development of the institution of matrimonial law, the article demonstrates the formation of two types of inheritance within the late-clan community: by law and by will. The first type suggest matrilineal transfer of the right of use of collective property to the immediate cognate relatives, as well as patrilineal transfer of intangible goods – privileges, posts, statuses, etc. The second type was applied to acquisition of private property, and made a difficult path of institutionalization and stage-by-stage expansion of the power of testation.

Keywords: customary law, collateral inheritance, legal custom, succession, inheritance by will, primitive law, inheritance by law, kinship community, primitive society, institute of inheritance
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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