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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Peasantry, social transformations and famine in the USSR during the early 1930s (on the materials of Ural Region)

Baranov Evgeny Yurievich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. S. Kovalevskoi, 16

eubaranov@yandex.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.1.28498

Review date:

24-12-2018


Publish date:

09-01-2019


Abstract.

The goal of this research is to determine the changes in social behavior of peasantry in the conditions of escalation of the food problem and famine during the 1928-1934 (on the materials of Ural Region and Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic). The author examines the factors and behavioral characteristics, giving special attention of the analysis of evolution in the actions of Ural peasants as the situation worsened. The relevance of this work is substantiated by the attempts to have a more detailed perspective on the scale of social disruption in the agrarian sphere and rural community in the USSR during the 1930’s. The descriptive method allows characterizing the changes in peasants’ behavior in terms of worsening of the food situation. The historical-genetic method allows viewing the changes in peasants’ actions at the initial stages and escalation of famine, determine the cause and effect links between the growing food crisis and changes in behavior of the rural population. The scientific novelty consists in conducting a special research on the social behavior of Ural peasantry in the conditions of famine in the early 1930’s, which has not previously become an independent subject of study. It is demonstrated that initial cause of peasants’ protest was the procurements, and then the focus shifted towards the indignation over famine. During the 1932-1933, the collective demonstrations, escape to cities, and looting were mostly justified by filling their need in food. Escalation of famine also led to manifestation of social deviations. In 1933, the rise in mortality created a threat to reproduction of the rural population, which in the Ural Region was more evident than in Bashkir ASSR.

Keywords: demographic crisis, rural population, collectivization, famine, food crisis, social transformation, social behavior, peasantry, agrarian history, Ural countryside
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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