Статья 'Проблема легитимности власти Екатерины II и подходы к ее изложению в школьных учебниках XIX века по истории России' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Problem of the legitimacy of authority of Catherine II and approaches to its interpretation in the school textbook of the XIX century on the history of Russia

Smetanina Karina Yuryevna

Postgraduate student, the department of Regional Studies, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

143345, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, str. 13

karin.smetanina@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.5.28183

Review date:

28-11-2018


Publish date:

30-05-2019


Abstract.

 Based on the materials of highly demanded and many times reissued textbooks on the history of Russia, which undoubtedly influences the formation of representations of several generations of Russian students about the past, this article analyzes the peculiarities of ascension to the throne of Catherine II. The author examines such topics as the ancestry of the empress and the circumstances of overthrow of Peter II in 1762. Special attention is given to the strategies, which allow the authors to substantiate the legitimacy of the reign of Catherine II. The article applies the principle of historicism for determining the dependence of the content and methods of translating information about the past events on the sociopolitical environment that affected the creation of school textbooks. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that this article is fist to study the question of the legitimacy of reign of Catherine II on the materials of school textbooks of the XIX century. The conclusion is made that the authors were trying to bypass the problem of legitimacy either through concealing the circumstance of overthrow of Peter III and presenting the empress as the legatee of her husband; or by depicting the coup as an event contributing to the improvement of wellbeing of the Russian nation and enhancing the glory of the empire.

Keywords: legitimacy, power, Catherine the Great, 19th century, Russian history, culture, school textbook, memory of the past, hero, historical myth
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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