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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Anthropology of population of the pre-Sarmatian period from near Kurgan graves of the Lower Volga territory (paleopathological aspect)

Pererva Evgenii Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Russian and World History and Archaeology, Volgograd State University

400131, Russia, Volgogradskaya oblast', g. Volgograd, pr. Universitetskii, 100

perervafox@mail.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.8.26917

Review date:

18-07-2018


Publish date:

26-08-2018


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the paleopathological peculiarities detected on the anthropological materials of pre-Sarmatian period from graves of the Lower Volga Region. Bioarcheological approach applied in examination of the skeletal remains expands the representation on the lifestyle of population of the pre-Sarmatian period. As the foundation for this research served the anthropological materials of 14 adult individuals; all of them had braincase and only five people the bones of postcranial skeleton. Paleopathological analysis of skeletal remains was based on the descriptive macro-morphological methodology developed by A. P. Buzhilova (1992, 1995, 1998). In archeological and historical science much attention was given to the problems of chronology and periodization of artifacts of the pre-Sarmatian period, as well as the questions of ethnic and language affiliation of population. In the course of paleopathological study of skeletal remains from the graves of pre-Sarmatian period of the Lower Volga territory, the author established the existence of the specific age and gender disharmonies. Examination of the state of dentition demonstrated that the people likely had a nomadic lifestyle and their diet consisted of the meat and dairy products. The proofs of belonging of the skeletons of Cimmerian period to the nomadic world of the early Iron Age could also be the signs of cold stress, specific injuries and a rare disease frontal hyperostosis.

Keywords: stress markers, skeleton remains, archaeology, paleoanthropology, paleopathology, Lower Volga region, cimmerians, presavromatians time, nomads, transition period
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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