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Peculiarities of establishment of the French Officer Corps during the Great Century (1589-1715)
Ovchinnikov Vladimir Mikhailovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Humanitarian and Socio-Economic Sciences, Smolensk State Institute of Arts

214000, Russia, Smolenskaya oblast', g. Smolensk, ul. Rumyantseva, 8, of. 412

Benkey1985@yandex.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The object of this research is French of the early Modern Age, while the subject is the examination of the establishment and development of the French Officer Corps during the period of highest military activity of the kingdom associated with the ruling of Louis XIV. The article demonstrates the practice of using of military mechanism by the Sun King for strengthening his power in the context of further advancement of absolutism as the military-political concept, which relates to the active instrumentalization of the ancient, namely Roman legacy, required by the realities of such global process as the “European military revolution”. The author states that throughout the XVII century in France has formed a relatively stable military hierarchy, which became the model for the development of officer corps of the various European countries. A significant role was played by the table of ranks (Ordre du tableau) introduced in 1675 upon the initiative of Louvois, which was skeptically assessed by the Duke of Saint-Simon. It illustrates the active instrumentalization of the Roman military and political practices that defined the transformation of absolutism into the highly ideology-driven and complicatedly structured military-political doctrine, which carved out its place in the history of European civilization.

Keywords: the instrumentalization of ancient heritage, the military revolution, the new clientele, the officer corps, hierarchy, absolutism, Table of ranks, Louis XIV, Lovous, army

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.1.26599

Article was received:

04-07-2018


Review date:

16-06-2018


Publish date:

04-02-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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