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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Delimitation of the China-Russia border since the XVI century until 1917

Sevostyanova Elena

PhD in History

Docent, the department of International Economics, Entrepreneurship and Humanitarian Disciplines, Chita Institute (Branch) of Baikal State University

672000, Russia, Zabaikal'skii krai, g. Chita, ul. Anokhina, 56

Sevostyanova.elena@mail.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 
Skobina Elena Aleksandrovna

Docent, the department of Civil and Criminal Law and Procedure, Chita Institute (Branch) of Baikal State University

672000, Russia, Zabaikal'skii krai, g. Chita, ul. Anokhina, 56

skobinamalyshenko@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.5.26151

Review date:

28-04-2018


Publish date:

19-05-2018


Abstract.

This article examines the key landmarks in delimitation of the China-Russia border since the XVI century until 1917, as well as its peculiarities. Russia and China are the two state that historically never had any serious armed clashes, and most questions regarding delimitation and demarcation were settled peacefully, despite the geopolitical and economic frictions, as well as territorial disputes. Regardless of difficult negotiations and an attempt of unilateral denunciation, both parties searched for a compromise and recognized the line of demarcation. Based on the chronological and problem-historical method, the article analyzes the key landmarks in delimitation and demarcation of the borders. A conclusion is substantiated on the existence of an objective need for factual establishment and legal formalization of the borderline. The legal formalization of the border lagged behind its factual establishment because on one hand, both parties did not have the required resources, while on the other – both empires had the concealed colonization plans. The delimitation took place in the territories that belonged neither to Russian or Chinese empires, but were of same importance for both countries. Their legal status has been changed accordingly. Delimitation not only considered the existing natural barriers – rivers and mountain ridges, but for the first time established the artificially determined landmarks. Legal aspect of agreement execution was improved by establishing jurisdiction for border violators, determining the legal regime of border checking, formalizing the border markers by protocols. The difficulties with the demarcation are already confirmed by the fact that the legal arrangement of 1689 continued into the XXI century.

Keywords: Russia, territorial delimitation of states, the Russian-Chinese border, border demarcation, delimitation of the border, China, Transbaikalia, legal status, legal registration of the border, border signs
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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