Статья 'Смешанные общества в советской экономике и внешней политике 1920-х гг.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Joint companies in Soviet economy and foreign policy of the 1920’s

Kosykh Elena Semenovna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Bashkir State University (Sterlitamak Branch)

453103, Russia, respublika Bashkortostan, g. Sterlitamak, ul. Prospekt Lenina, 49

kossES@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.5.26099

Review date:

22-04-2018


Publish date:

19-05-2018


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the activity of foreign concessions in form of the joint communities in Soviet economy of the 1920’s. The materials from central archives are used in the course of this work. It is noted that in terms of the political and economic boycott by Western countries, the solution was found in organization of joint companies. The author underlines that the joint companies were established in economic branches with highest profit ration – trade, forest industry, and transport. Using the comparative-historical and problematic-chronological methods, the author was able to determine the peculiarities of practical activity of joint companies in Soviet economy of the period of the New Economic Policy. The scientific novelty consists in demonstration of close correlation between the political and economic tasks in policy of the Soviet State pertinent to the joint companies. As a form of concessional entrepreneurship, the joint company implied the involvement of the state alongside the foreign entrepreneurs. A contract was signed with a foreign company, which defined the principal terms of its activity. Formally, the joint companies were established almost on the parity basis, but factually, the Soviet party was in privileged position. The activity of joint companies was strictly regulated; the profit ratio was established by the government. They played a role in breaking the economic blockade of 1920’s, as well as acquisition of deficit commodities and newest technology. Concession has existed until it was beneficial for the government. The majority of joint companies were liquidated beforehand.

Keywords: Decree on concessions, Main Concession Committee, joint trading companies, joint forest companies, restitution, joint companies, anti-concessional boycott, concession, concession law, monopoly of foreign trade
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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