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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

On gnoseological potential of the personal worldview factor in the historical legal research of supra-state problematic: on the example of political legal realities of the late XVII Ц early XVIII centuries

Sokolova Elena Stanislavovna

PhD in Law

associate professor of the Department of History of State and Law at Ural State Law University

620039, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Kolmogorova, 54, kab. 315

elena.sokolova1812@yandex.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.7.25905

Review date:

01-04-2018


Publish date:

30-07-2018


Abstract.

This article is dedicated to the estimation of gnoseological importance of identification of the determinant role of the Russian political elites of Modern Time in terms of institutionalization of the Russian autocracy and establishment of the supra-estate political regime of authoritarian type. Based on the synthesis of the political legal, sociocultural and micro-historical approaches towards studying the carriers of legal information of the period of the state legal reforms of Peter the Great, the author is able to trace the evolution of his theoretical views upon the nature and concept of the nominal decrees. The author believes that the focus of Tsar aimed at activation of the regime of lawfulness was a result of interaction between the “patrimonial” traditionalism, penetration onto the Russian soil of the theoretical-legal constructs of the European Enlightenment based on the doctrine of state paternalism, and the pressing need of political practice in establishment of the model of the professional legal consciousness of officialdom founded on the ideal of the “public good”. On the example of reconstruction of the doctrinal bases underlying the separate decrees of legislative character, aimed at modernization of the political legal and administrative practice of the Russian State of the studied period, the conclusion is made their paternalistic orientation was mediated by the idea on the absence of legal limitations of the will of autocratic monarch, common to an old-Moscovian[WU1]  legal consciousness affected by a set of historical and sociocultural factors. Thus, the pragmatic interest of the ruling elite towards the consolidation of law and lawfulness encouraged not only the exaltation of monarch over the nationals and formation of the supra-estate model of authoritarian political regime, but also the contributed to the development of legal nihilism at the various social levels, which by the beginning of 1720’s got tired of the costs of Peter the Great’s modernization and the cause by it crisis of the political system of Russian Empire.



 [WU1]



Keywords: the legal consciousness of the elite, institutions of autocracy, authoritarian political regime, the reforms of Peter I, political and legal approach, historical and legal science, personal and ideological factor, the rule of law, legal nihilism, the supra-estate monarchy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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