Статья 'Иван Грозный был отравлен? Осмысление результатов химических исследований царственных останков из некрополей Архангельского и Вознесенского соборов московского Кремля' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Peer-review in 24 hours: How do we do it? > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Publication in 72 hours: How do we do it? > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Was Ivan the Terrible poisoned? Comprehension of the chemical research results of the remains of the Czar from necropolises of the Ascension Cathedral and Cathedral of the Archangel of the Moscow Kremlin

Golovin Sergei Aleksandrovich

Doctor of History

Professor, the department of Russian History and Special Historical Disciplines, Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical University

675000, Russia, Amurskaya oblast', g. Blagoveshchensk, ul. Lenina, 104

gol_70@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.2.25249

Review date:

21-01-2018


Publish date:

07-02-2018


Abstract.

The contemporary Russian historiography (1990-2000’s) marks the emergence of a number of scientific works that from the perspective of modern scientific data and political preferences defend the paradigmatic version on poisoning of the Russian Czar Ivan IV. The supporters of this hypothesis considerably lean on the results of chemical research of the remains from grand ducal necropolises of the Moscow Kremlin, which showed a high concentration of diverse heavy metals in them. The goal of this article consists in comprehension of the results of chemical expertise of the Czar’s remains from the necropolises of the Kremlin. The research is based on the method of statistical analysis, using the comparative-historical and retrospective methods. The conclusion on conscious poisoning of the Czar Ivan IV, formulated on the basis of significant concentration of mercury and arsenic in his remains, seems unsubstantiated. The statistical analysis argues the newly suggested in the contemporary Russian historiography version (2003-2006) on the conscious poisoning of the Czar Ivan IV and his sons, within the framework of which the conclusions of the Commission (1963-1966) are considered inaccurate.

Keywords: bone remains, royal tombs, necropolis, heavy metals, analysis, statistics, biochemistry, anthropology, the era of Ivan the Terrible, Moscow Kremlin
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Arkhiv Kremlya. Materialy issledovaniya ostankov tsarya Ivana Groznogo, tsarya Fedora Ivanovicha, tsarevicha Ivana Ivanovicha i knyazya Skopina-Shuiskogo // Erchak V.M. Slovo i delo Ivana Groznogo. Minsk, 2005. 660 s. [So ssylkoi na Federal'noe gosudarstvennoe uchrezhdenie Gosudarstvennyi istoriko-kul'turnyi muzei-zapovednik «Moskovskii Kreml'». Otdel rukopisnykh, pechatnykh i graficheskikh fondov. F. 20. Op. 1966. Ed. khr. 9].
2.
Kuchkin V.A. Zakhoronenie Ivana Groznogo i russkii srednevekovyi pogrebal'nyi obryad // Sovetskaya arkheologiya. 1967. № 1. S. 289–295.
3.
Tikhomirov M.N. Rossiiskoe Gosudarstvo XV–XVII vekov. M: Nauka. 1973. 423 s.
4.
Kobrin V.B. Ivan Groznyi. M: Izd-vo Moskovskii rabochii. 1989. 175 s.
5.
Veksler A.G. Unikal'nye raskopki // Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo Moskvy. № 6. 1995. S. 25–33.
6.
Gerasimov M.M. Dokumental'nyi portret Ivana Groznogo // Kratkie soobshcheniya instituta arkheologii AN SSSR. 1965. Vyp. 100. S. 139–142.
7.
Gerasimov M.M. Portrety istoricheskikh lits // Nauka i chelovechestvo. Ezhegodnik. T. 4. M. 1965. S. 97–105.
8.
Panova T.D. Pogrebal'nye kompleksy XIV–XVII vv. na territorii Moskovskogo Kremlya // Sovetskaya arkheologiya. 1989. № 1. S. 219–234.
9.
Manyagin V.G. Pravda Groznogo Tsarya. M.: Algoritm, Eksmo, 2006. 256 s.
10.
Panova T.D. Kremlevskie usypal'nitsy. Istoriya, sud'ba, tainy. M: Indrik, 2003. 224 s.
11.
Zaidel' A.N. Elementarnye otsenki oshibok izmerenii. M.: Nauka, 1965. 88 s.
12.
Grubbs, F. E. (February 1969). Procedures for detecting outlying observations in samples. Technometrics. 11 (1): 1–21.
13.
Barnett, Vic; Lewis, Toby (1994) [1978]. Outliers in Statistical Data (3 ed.), Wiley.
14.
Maddala, G.S. (1992). Introduction to Econometrics (2nd ed.). New York: MacMillan, pp. 88–96.
15.
Chandan Mukherjee, Howard White, Marc Wuyts (1998). Econometrics and Data Analysis for Developing Countries. Vol. 1.
16.
Zimek, A.; Schubert, E.; Kriegel, H.-P. (2012). A survey on unsupervised outlier detection in high-dimensional numerical data. Statistical Analysis and Data Mining. 5 (5): 363–387.
17.
Aleksandrovskii A.L., Boitsov I.A., Krenke N.A. Pochvy i kul'turnyi sloi Moskvy: stroenie, istoriya razvitiya, geografiya // Izvestiya RAN. Seriya geograficheskaya. 1997. № 4. S. 82–95.
18.
Aleksandrovskii A.L., Aleksandrovskaya E.I., Ril' S. Il'inka. Issledovaniya pochv i kul'turnogo sloya Moskvy metodami estestvennykh nauk. Materialy issledovanii // A.G. Veksler. Moskva. Raskopki na Velikom posade. Ulitsa Il'inka, Birzhevaya ploshchad', Staryi Gostinyi dvor. M.: OOO «TM Prodakshn», 2015. S. 371–381. Prilozh.
19.
Aleksandrovskii A. L. , Leont'ev A.E., Krenke N.A., Dolgikh A. V. Rannyaya istoriya landshaftov drevnerusskikh gorodov (stanovlenie kul'turnogo landshafta) // Rus' v IX–XII vv.: obshchestvo, gosudarstvo, kul'tura. Drevnosti Severa. M., 2014. S. 99–107.
20.
Aleksandrovskaya E.I., Aleksandrovskii A.L. Antropokhimiya. M.: Klass-M, 2007. 246 s.
21.
Kul'tura srednevekovoi Moskvy: Istoricheskie landshafty Moskvy. T. 1. Rasselenie, osvoenie zemel' i prirodnaya sreda v okruge Moskvy XII–XIII vv. / S.Z. Chernov, V.A. Nizovtsev, A.L. Aleksandrovskii i dr. M.: Nauka, 2004. 448 s.
22.
Aleksandrovskaya E.I., Aleksandrovskii A.L. Istoriko-geograficheskaya antropokhimiya. M.: NIA-Priroda, 2003. 204 s.
23.
Aleksandrovskaya E.I., Aleksandrovskii A.L. Istoriko-geograficheskaya antropokhimiya: [Monografiya]. M.: NIA-Priroda, 2003. 203 s.
24.
Mertz W. Clinical and public health significance of chromium // Current topics in nutrition a. disease. New York, 1982.
25.
Ekologicheskoe dos'e Rossii 2005. № 1.
26.
Kurochkin A. Predki nakhimichili // Itogi. № 18 (360). 2002.
27.
Portnov A.M. Rtut' — groznyi ubiitsa // Priroda. № 10. 2014.
28.
Kaare Lund Rasmussen et al. Comparison of Mercury and lead levels in the bones of rural and urban populations in Southern Denmark and Northern Germany during the Middle Ages // Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports – 2015.
29.
Maslov A. Taina smerti Ivana Groznogo // Argumenty i fakty. Zdorov'e. 2000. № 51. 20 dekabrya.
30.
Possevino A. Istoricheskie sochineniya o Rossii XVI v. M.: MGU. 1983. 237 s.
31.
Gorsei Dzh. Zapiski o Rossii: XVI – nachalo XVII vv. / Komm. i per. A.A. Sevast'yanovoi. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1990. 288 s.
32.
Vremennik Ivana Timofeeva / Podgot. k pechati, per. i komment. O.A. Derzhavinoi; Pod red. V.P. Adrianovoi-Peretts; Red. izd-va E.B. Tomsinskaya. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1951. 512 s.
33.
Zapiski Getmana Zholkevskogo o Moskovskoi voine. SPb.: Izd-vo: Tipografiya Ed. Pratsa, 1871. 298 s.
34.
Massa I. Kratkoe izvestie o Moskovii v nachale XVII veka. M, 1937. 220 s.
35.
Koretskii V.I. Smert' Ivana Groznogo // Voprosy istorii. 1979. № 3. S. 95–101.
36.
Valishevskii K. Smutnoe vremya. M.: Terra, 2007. 1114 s.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website