Статья 'Способы обеспечения исполнения обязательств в Древней Индии (по материалам дхармашастр) ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Means of fulfilling obligations in Ancient India (on the materials of dharmasastra)

Beznosova Yana Viktorovna

Assistant, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Nizhny Novgorod National Research University named after N. I. Lobachevsky

603115, Russia, Nizhegorodskaya oblast', g. Nizhnii Novgorod, ul. Ashkhabadskaya, 4a, of. 17

sun148@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.4.24682

Review date:

10-11-2017


Publish date:

18-04-2018


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the legal represenations of Brahmanism of procedure for regulating the mean of fulfilling obligations, and the reflected in religious-philosophical and ethical treatises – dharmasastra, of Manu Yajnavalkya, and Narada. Legal terms of Manu dharmasastra have repeatedly become the subject of analysis in examination of one or another aspect of legal regulations of obligatory relations in Ancient India; while the insufficiently studied in the Russian historical legal science dharmasastra of Yajnavalkya, and Narada in the indicated context are studied for the first time. The conducted analysis of the sources allowed concluding that the norms of dharmasastra equally protected the rights of a debtor-pledger and creditor-pledge holder. The rights of pledger were guaranteed in particular by the positions on responsibility of a creditor in case of the use of collateral against the wished of the pledger, as well as the cases of irresponsible treatment of the object of collateral, which resulted in its damage or loss. At the same time, dharmasastra ensured the rights of the creditor, enabling him to retain the collateral if the debt was not returned in double the amount, which eliminated prolongation of the fulfilment of obligations for an indefinite period of time.  

Keywords: Manu, dharmasastra, law, dharma, guarantee, collateral, Ancient India, Yajnavalkya, Narada, loan agreements
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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