Статья 'Институт согласия в брачно-семейном каноническом праве средневековой Западной Европы ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Institution of consent in matrimonial canon law of the medieval Western Europe

Kondrateva Anna Nikolaevna

Educator, the department of General and Legal Disciplines, Mid-Volga Branch of the All-Russian State University of Justice (RLA of the Ministry of Justice of Russia)

43000, Russia, respublika Mordoviya, g. Saransk, ul. Gagarina, 98/1

annaalyakina@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.1.24418

Review date:

13-10-2017


Publish date:

29-01-2018


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the norms of the Western European medieval canon law that regulate the questions of marriage and sexual behavior. The author focuses attention on the figure of the Monk of Bologna John Gratian, who in his "Decree" first spoke about the role of consent of intending spouses to enter marriage. Gratian’s position, officially supported by the Roman Catholic Church, caused acute discussions in medieval society, as well as became one of the factors of jurisdictional battles between the secular and canon law. Using the historical method alongside method of research analysis carried out by European and American experts in the field of canon law, the author established that Gratian had a strong impact upon the process of formation the matrimonial canon law; although, his influence was only de jure and did not directly affect the usual practice of contracting marriage. However, due to the innovations of the Catholic theologian Raymond Peñafortsky, Gratian's idea was implemented de facto. As a result of the study, the conclusion is formulated that the question of the consent of parties was of crucial importance not only with regards to matrimonial relations, but also the criminal-legal sphere (for example, in qualification the committed action as abduction, kidnapping, “raptus”, etc.). Thus, the rules of expressing the consent to marriage have developed into the entire set of revolutionary for the medieval European society provisions that found reflection in the principal source of canon law, and subsequently, in the Modern Age, were accepted by the secular legislation of some Western states.

Keywords: secular jurisdiction, abduction of woman, consent, marriage, Decretum Gratiani, canon law, Western Europe, Middle Ages, ecclesiastical jurisdiction, conflict of jurisdictions
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
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