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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Fair trial in Russia during the late XIX early XX centuries, or the myth of the lost lawfulness

Solomko Zarianna

PhD in Law

Docent, the department of Theory of Law, State and Judicial Power, Russian Academy of Justice 

117418, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Novocheremushkinskaya, 69, of. 1005

solzary@gmail.com

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.1.24233

Review date:

19-09-2017


Publish date:

29-01-2018


Abstract.

 This article is dedicated to the analysis of adherence of the Russian justice of the late XIX – early XX centuries to the requirements of lawfulness as an attribute of the legal state. By reference to number of basic principles/requirements of lawfulness, advanced by the contemporary mainstream theory of lawfulness (inner consistency of positive law and unity of lawfulness, supremacy of law, equality before law and court, fairness of courts, security of the rights of private entities from arbitrariness of administration, inadmissibility of contraposition of lawfulness and purposefulness), the article demonstrates contradictions of the post-reform positive legal regulation of justice and law enforcement practice in this field, which are incompatible with the dominant in the theory of law concepts of legal state. Attention is focused on such problems of prerevolutionary justice, as the contradiction between the general principles of the Court Statute of 1864 and private legal norms; gradual eroding of the progressive norms of Court Statutes; administrative corrosion of judicial power; legal particularism; lack of the institutions of administrative justice; double law enforcement standards. From the perspective of Marxist analysis, the author demonstrates the legitimate character of the aforementioned phenomena. Attention is turned to the ideological nature of the gaps in the interpretation of prerevolutionary justice that are common to the contemporary mainstream historical-legal consciousness. The contained in the work generalizations and conclusions doubt the methodological and theoretical value of comprehension of the prerevolutionary justice as a phenomenon of the establishing legal statehood, and actualize the relevance of the dialectic-materialistic, social-class analysis of the post-reform justice and prerevolutionary Russian legal order overall.

Keywords: Ideology, Administrative justice, Russian justice, Dependable peripheral capitalism, Legal state, Purposefulness, Lawfulness, Judicial counter reforms , Prerevolutionary post-reform justice, Court statutes
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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