Статья 'Социальная политика комитетов общественной безопасности и Советов в Енисейской губернии (март – май 1917 г.)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Social policy of the committees of general security and the Soviets in Yeniseisk governorate (March – May 1917)

Dementev Aleksandr Petrovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Russian History, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V. P. Astafyev

660049, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Ady Lebedevoy Street 89

dementjev.ap@yandex.ru
Kattsina Tatyana Anatolievna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and Methodology of Social Work, Siberian Federal University

660041, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Prospekt Svobodnyi 79

katsina@list.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2017.10.24175

Review date:

13-09-2017


Publish date:

14-11-2017


Abstract.

The current article deals with the measures taken by the committees of general security and the Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies in order to improve the living conditions of the citizens of Yeniseisk governorate in March – May 1917. The comparison of revolutionary organizations’ social policies is vital for understanding the causes of institutional shifts, which led to the Soviets getting citizens’ support. While the Soviets took the power in October-November 1917, the committees lost all their democratic potential. This issue has not been properly investigated in the historiography. The current objective research is provided with the help of systematic and comparative-historical approaches. The presented information concerning the social policy is based on the analysis of published and unpublished documents, as well as periodical press data. The analysis shows that the coalition nature of the committees caused the class compromise policy and evasion of discussion of the problems, which could have brought disagreement in the society. The main measures of their social policy were help to amnestied political and criminal exiles and welfare for the soldiers’ families. The committees’ revaluation of goods in the uyezds’ cities was conducted under the control and help of the Soviets. On the other hand, the Soviets, while being under pressure of workers' and soldiers' deputies, concentrated on populist measures, such as 8-hour work day and revaluation of goods in the governorate centre, which guaranteed them public support. The data presented in the paper specifies and extends the scientific knowledge of the organizations’ policy, creates new opportunities for further comparative-historical researches of Siberia.

Keywords: amnesty, Yeniseisk governorate, revolution, social politics, the soviets, committees of public safety, benefits, revaluation of goods, conflict, compromise
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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