Статья 'Основные социально-правовые характеристики обычного права народов как факторы его интеграции в правовую систему Российской Империи (XVII-XIX вв.).' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Basic social and legal characteristics of customary law of the nations as factors of its integration into the legal system of the Russian Empire (XVII – XIX centuries).

Diulina Ol'ga

 
Post-graduate student, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Siberian Institute of Management, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration; Lawyer, Advocates' Chamber of Novosibirsk Region
 

630106, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Nizhegorodskaya, 6

orabbe@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.1.23997

Review date:

24-08-2017


Publish date:

29-01-2018


Abstract.

Legal policy of Russia throughout the period of the XVII-XIX centuries was directed particularly towards creation of legal mechanisms of integration of the customary law of peoples of Moldavia and Wallachia, Livonia, Courland, Governorate of Estonia, and Little Russia into the legal system of the Empire. The law of the affiliated people was based on the distinctive legal tradition. Legal policy of the Russian Empire in relation to law of the indicated peoples was formed in accordance with common to their custom peculiarities. As a prerequisite for formation of the vectors of legal policy, the article takes into account the legal regime of customary law that has already existed in Russia prior to integration. The object of this research is the customary law of the affiliated peoples as an integrable part of the general system of law of the Russian Empire. The subject of this study is the fundamental characteristics of customary law (content of norms and origin of sources), which manifested as the factors of influence upon the measures of integration character taken by the government. The author examined the materials on the origin of customary law sources, content of its norms and acting system of customary law, as well as pursued correlation of the acquired conclusions with the integration actions of the Russian legislator. This allowed making a conclusion on the degree of impact of the integrated law upon the political and legal status of the national borderlands. Relevancy of the study consists in the elevated scientific and practical interest towards the integration processes in law, including as a part of legal policy. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that the legal phenomenon of integration of law is relatively unstudied aspect of history and theory of the Russian law. Generalization of the Russian experience in solution of the integration issues over the indicated timeframe can enrich the theory of law and legal practice. The work reveals that the legal nature of customary law, considering the goal of legal policy of the Russian government, became the positive determinant in the course of integration, being favorable for retention of legal force and creation of the special legal regime of the customary law of nations. Thus the peculiarities and differences with the Russian customs in historical origins, content and form of consolidation of customary rules, did not become an obstacle in the integration process, but rather contributed to securing the special law with greater legal  force in comparison with the General law of the Empire, which distinguishes the legal regime of the established local law in the border regions from the customs of the Russian Empire.

Keywords: legal policy, integration of law, legal practice, local law in Little Russia, law of Baltic provinces, local law in Bessarabia, sources of law, particular law, law of the Russian Empire, customary law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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