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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The status of the judge and the personnel policy of the formation of the corps of judges during the new economic policy period

Filonova Olina Igorevna

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Kurgan State University

640007, Russia, Kurganskaya oblast', g. Kurgan, ul. Burova-Petrova, 95B

oolinaf@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.1.23773

Review date:

03-08-2017


Publish date:

29-01-2018


Abstract.

The subject of this study is judicial body of the New Economic Policy period (1921-1929). The author examines such aspects of the topic as the legal and non-legal components of the status of a judge, mechanism of formation of judicial body, and  judges personnel during the New Economic Policy period. Particular attention is paid to the legislative foundations of the status of Soviet judge, principles and peculiarities of human resource policy in formation of judiciary, as well as problem of legal education. Based on the archival data, the author analyzes the dynamics of composition of the judiciary, as well as describes a portrait of a Soviet judge of the 1920’s. Methodological basis consists in the system approach, which allows exploring the judiciary as such alongside within the state mechanism in the context of the political system of Soviet society. The main conclusions lies in determination in the status of a judge of legal components (age, social status, work experience, absense of criminal record, institution of responsibility, guarantee of judicial immunity), and non-legal (membership in the Communist Party, adherence to its policy). Author’s special contribution to the research lies in the analysis of the human resource policy mechanism in formation of the judiciary, as well as its results, reflected in court personnel. The scientific novelty is defined by the comprehensive approach towards the indicated problematic.

Keywords: Judicial reform, People's judge, Human resource policy, New Economic Policy, Legal education, Status of a judge, Judicial body, Court, Election of judges, Disciplinary responsibility
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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