Статья 'О социальных основаниях реформы местной юстиции 1912 г.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
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About social grounds of the local justice reform of 1912

Solomko Zarianna

PhD in Law

Docent, the department of Theory of Law, State and Judicial Power, Russian Academy of Justice 

117418, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Novocheremushkinskaya, 69, of. 1005

solzary@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2017.7.23233

Review date:

04-06-2017


Publish date:

19-08-2017


Abstract.

This article is dedicated to the analysis of the key social determinants that defined the content and results of the local justice reform in Russia in the early XX century (Law of June 15, 1912 “On the Reform of Local Courts”). The author disputes the idealistic interpretation of social grounds of the reform, the supporters of which are willing to see as a primary cause of such event the desire of government to adhere the path of “right-wing development”, ensure the legal need of peasantry, and equalize them in rights with other social classes. The arguments towards using the materialistic approach in studying the reform are being provided. It is proven that reforming the local justice of the early XX century was substantiated primarily by the peculiarities of the Stolypin agrarian reform aimed at development of the “Prussian way” of capitalism with regards to agrarian relations, as well as overall specificity of the Russian pre-revolutionary capitalism, which significantly differed from the capitalism of Western type. Namely these social prerequisites justified the limited restoration of justice courts necessary for ensuring the interests of the growing rural bourgeoisie, retention of volost courts, non-democracy of the reform, neglect in the process of developing the draft law on reforming the local court of peasant’s deputies, as well as delay of implementation of the reform after 1912, its inconsistency and incompleteness. The author highlights correlation between the content of local justice reform and logics of class confrontation throughout the period of formulation and realization of the Law of June 15, 1912. The substantiated in the article ideas allow concretizing the understanding of prerequisites, content, and results of the local justice reform in Russia in the early XX century.

Keywords: Constitutional state, World War I, Rural bourgeoisie, Peasantry, Stolypin agrarian reform, Prussian way of capitalism, Dependent peripheral capitalism , Justice court, Volost court, Local justice reform
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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