Статья 'Формирование системы общего образования взрослых в середине 1930-х гг.: общероссийский контекст и региональное измерение' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Formation of the system of public education of adults in the middle of the 1930's: Russian national context and regional perspective

Chernysheva Inna Ivanovna

Post-graduate student, Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16

inna_milena@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2017.12.22641

Review date:

10-04-2017


Publish date:

29-01-2018


Abstract.

This article analyzes the formation of the system of public education of adults in Ural in the context of the nationwide modernization process. Basic attention is given to the structural-organizational aspect of the reform of public education of adult population, primarily during the period of 1936-1937, when took place the search for the new structure of secondary education along with the continuous efforts to battle illiteracy. The conditions that affected the establishment the education structure and system of adults are characterized, among which are emphasized the outbreak of famine in 1937 and food shortage that led to decrease of the working students and closing of adult schools. Analysis of the documents from regional archives allowed determining the local specificities of this process in the region that marked the establishment of a powerful industrial facility, population growth, rapid urbanization, as well as critical deficiency of literate people and competent specialists. The conclusion is made that the efforts aimed at achieving mass literacy progressed to a new level and delivered substantial results.

Keywords: Continuation school, School for illiterate adults, Secondary school, Junior secondary school, Sverdlovsk Region, Ural, Population literacy, Formation of education system, Eradication of literacy, Adult education
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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