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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Legislation and state policy of the Russian Empire with regards to Romani population

Smirnova-Seslavinskaya Marianna Vladimirovna

PhD in Philosophy

Doctoral candidate, the department of UNESCO, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

119571, Russia, Moscow, Prospekt Vernadskogo 82, building #1

kulturom@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2017.8.22213

Review date:

05-03-2017


Publish date:

25-08-2017


Abstract.

The object of this research is the legislation and state policy of the Russian Empire with regards to Romani population, while the subjects is the body of official acts on the Romani people, data about the norms in the case of Romani people in passport and recruitment decrees and code of punishments, as well as information about certain published and archive sources about the realization of such policy. Special attention is given to the general periodization of policy pertaining to Romani people and development of its national principles throughout the transformation process in 1760’s of the local systems of administration aimed at Romani groups in Little Russia and Sloboda Ukraine. The author carries out a comparative analysis of the codified legislation and separate legislative regulations of the Russian Empire in terms of the body of official acts mentioning Romani people with consideration of the stages of social history of the Russian Empire. The author distinguishes the acts that distribute upon the Romani people the general norms (regulating the positions of various social classes and situations in the Russian Empire) from the special laws in their regard. Scientific novelty of the work consists in determination of the specificity of Russian Empire’s policy pertaining to Romani people, and highlighting of its key stages: from treating them as people with a particular lifestyle to the compulsory sedentarization and converting into the Cossacks, as well as further liberalization of laws with limited migration within the Russian Empire, and (often formal) prohibition on nomadism. The author underlines the correlation of the stages of such policy with the periods of socioeconomic reforms of the Russian Empire. The article reveals the common mistakes in interpretation of the content of acts with regards to the Romani people, which lead to ideologizaiton of policy in their case presented in a number of publications on this matter.   

Keywords: integration into social classes, sedentarization, migration, public policy, legislation, Romani people, Russian Empire, limitation of migration, passport regulations, recruitment regulations
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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