Статья 'Юридическое образование Третьего рейха: "под прицелом" нацистской идеологии ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Legal education of the Third Reich: “under the gun” of Nazi ideology

Antropov Roman Vladimirovich

PhD in Law

Head of the Department of State and Municipal Law at Transbaikal Entrepreneurship Institute of the Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation

672086, Russia, Zabaikal'skii krai, g. Chita, ul. Leningradskaya, 16, kab. 414

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Antropova Natalya Anatolyevna

Doctor of Philology

Professor, the department of Humanitarian Disciplines, Zabaikalsky Institute of Entrepreneurship of Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation

672086, Russia, Zabaykalsky Krai, Chita, Leningradskaya Street 16, office #435

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The subject of this study is the legal education of the Third Reich: its content, aims and objectives, as well as specific features as an addition to Nazi propaganda machine. The research is based on the detailed examination of the sources of German educational law of the period of German State (1933-1945) that have not been previously translated or published in the Russian science, and include educational standards, decrees of the Ministry of Education along with other departments, as well as scientific material of the German authors on Nazi doctrine, which contain commentaries to the situation established within the system of training of the lawyers throughout the period of dominance of the National Socialism. Russian scientific literature reviews the questions of legal education of the Third Reich era only in conjunction with the education in general or the system of justice. Thus, the authors attempted to eliminate the existing gap and saturate into the “Nazi stage” within the history of German legal education. The law «On the Transfer of the Administration of Justice to the Reich» of February 16, 1934 unified the legal education throughout the entire German land in the context of implementing the National Socialist principle of autocracy «the Fuhrer». Its goal consisted in upbringing of the young “law enforcement officers” as the fanatic adherers of the new regime, which is alien to the human values and preaches the racia superiority of the German nation. Such objective was reflected in the developed by Nazi ideologists new educational standards for training the lawyers in 1934 and 1939, in which nothing reminded of the old-pattern lawyer. Only after the fall of Fascism, the German system of legal education was able to return to the principles established in the era of liberalism and remained relevant to this day.

Keywords: teacher's status, final exam, standard of training of lawyers, reform of legal education, sources of educational law, National Socialist ideology, Third Reich, Germany, legal education, professional organizations
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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