Статья 'Правовой режим содержания военнопленных-иностранцев во Франции при Наполеоне I (по установлениям Империи и актам префектуры департамента Эр 1813–1814 гг.)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Legal regime of detention of foreign prisoners of war in France under Napoleon I (on dispositions of the Empire and the acts of the prefecture of Eure department in 1813 – 1814)

Krichevtsev Mikhail Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management

630099, Russia, Novosibirsk, Kamenskaya Street 52/1

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The subject of this research is the changes in legal regime of detention of the foreign prisoners of war in France during the ruling period of Napoleon I. The work examines the normative positions pertaining to places of dislocation, organization of work and daily life of the prisoners of war, their financial support administration and police supervision over them, as well as punishments for violation of order and discipline. Legal regulation was exercised on general imperial level alongside separate departments, which causes a question about the interaction of the imperial law with the local law. The article compares the imperial regulations with the acts of prefect of M. de Miramont existing in the Eure department in 1813 – 1814. The relevance of this topic is substantiate by the insufficient study in science of the relation of administrations of various departments towards the dislocated within them prisoners of war and peculiarities of legal regulation of their detention. The conclusion is made that that legal regime of detention of the foreign prisoners of war in France during the late Napoleonic era, to a significant extent is defined not by the general imperial regulations but the local stipulations. Acts of the prefecture issued in the Eure department, testify to the extensive freedom of lawmaking of a prefect in this field. Particularly, the acts of 1814 significantly expanded the authority of the local civil administration pertaining to the depot of prisoners of war within the department’s territory and enhanced its impact upon the military structure in the late ruling period of Napoleon I.

Keywords: mayor of commune, district sub-prefect , prefect, Eure department, depot, prisoners of war, First Empire, Napoleonic Wars, regulation, imperial decree
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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