Статья 'Принадлежность судей к политическим партиям и вопросы обеспечения судейской независимости в России: историко-правовой аспект' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The judges’ affiliation with political parties and question of ensuring judicial independence in Russia: historical-legal aspect

Shchedrina Yuliya Vladimirovna

Doctor of History

Associate professor, the department of entrepreneurial and labour law, Kursk State University

305000, Russia, Kurskaya oblast', g. Kursk, ul. Radishcheva, 33

shchedrinaj@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.5.20718

Review date:

12-10-2016


Publish date:

09-11-2016


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the normative regulation of judges’ affiliation with political parties due to ensuring the judicial independence. Throughout the three period of development of the Russian state (pre-revolutionary, Soviet, and post-Soviet), the article examines the relation of government to membership of the judges in political parties, as well as provides statistical data on this matter. The author attempted to conduct a comprehensive research, which allows tracing the position of a legislator regarding the party status of the judges across the entire period of development of the Soviet state. The conclusion is made that during these periods of development of the Soviet state, when the government strived to establish an actually independent court, it strictly prohibited the membership of judges in political parties. Violation of such prohibition resulted in preliminary cancellation of the judiciary powers or even resignation.

Keywords: magistrates' court, resignation, Constitutional justice, CPSU, Higher disciplinary presence, Political Party, judge, Senate, tenure of judges, judicial independence
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Aleksanyan N. A. Stanovlenie i deyatel'nost' sudebnoi sistemy Voronezhskoi gubernii v gody Grazhdanskoi voiny (1917 – 1922) // Al'manakh sovremennoi nauki i obrazovaniya. 2015. № 9 (99). S. 11-15.
2.
VKKS ne dala rekomendatsiyu na povyshenie sud'e, opozdavshemu s vykhodom iz «Edinoi Rossii» [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sait «Federal'nye arbitrazhnye sudy Rossiiskoi Federatsii» URL: http://arbitr.ru/press-centr/smi/67633.html (data obrashcheniya-11.10.2016)
3.
Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Kurskoi oblasti. F. R.-451. Op. 1. D. 6.
4.
Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii. F. R-9492. Op. 8. D. 2214.
5.
Dekret VTsIK ot 30.11.1918 «O Narodnom Sude Rossiiskoi Sotsialisticheskoi Federativnoi Sovetskoi Respubliki (Polozhenie)» // SU RSFSR. 1918. № 85. St. 889.
6.
Ermoshin G.T. Sud'ya v otstavke: status, prava, obyazannosti // Pravo. Zhurnal vysshei shkoly ekonomiki. 2012. № 4. S. 87-97.
7.
Zakon RSFSR ot 06.05.1991 «O Konstitutsionnom Sude RSFSR» // Vedomosti SND RSFSR i VS RSFSR. 1991. № 19. St. 621.
8.
Zakon RF ot 26.06.1992 № 3132-1 «O statuse sudei v Rossiiskoi Federatsii» // Vedomosti SND i VS RF. 30.07.1992. № 30. St. 1792.
9.
Zakon SSSR ot 04.08.1989 «O statuse sudei v SSSR» // Vedomosti SND SSSR i VS SSSR. 1989. № 9. St. 223.
10.
Kamalova G. T. Osobennosti kadrovoi politiki v sovetskoi sudebnoi sisteme v gody NEPa // Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pravo. 2013. T. 13. № 4. S. 18-22.
11.
Kodeks sudeiskoi etiki ot 19 dekabrya 2012 g. (utv. VIII Vserossiiskim s''ezdom sudei 19 dekabrya 2012 g.) // Byulleten' aktov po sudebnoi sisteme. 2013. № 2.
12.
Kozhevnikov M. V. Istoriya sovetskogo suda. M.: Yurid. izd-vo MYu SSSR, 1948. 376 s.
13.
Kommentarii k Konstitutsii Rossiiskoi Federatsii / Pod obshch. red. L.V. Lazareva. M.: OOO «Novaya pravovaya kul'tura», 2009.
14.
Kossov I. A. K voprosu o kadrovom sostave narodnykh sudov v RSFSR// Vestnik Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. 2013. № 3 (104). S. 30-34.
15.
Krivdina A. I. Uchastie sudei v deyatel'nosti obshchestvennykh ob''edinenii // Aktual'nye problemy pravovogo regulirovaniya deyatel'nosti obshchestvennykh ob''edinenii: rossiiskii i zarubezhnyi opyt. Kursk, 2016. S. 116-120.
16.
Opredelenie Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 16.05.2013 № APL13-164 «V udovletvorenii trebovanii ob osparivanii resheniya o prekrashchenii otstavki sud'i otkazano pravomerno, tak kak osparivaemoe reshenie prinyato kvalifikatsionnoi kollegiei sudei v pravomochnom sostave s soblyudeniem ustanovlennoi zakonom protsedury tainym golosovaniem» [Elektronnyi resurs]. Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoi sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus».
17.
Opredelenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 28 maya 2009 g. № 624-O-O «Ob otkaze v prinyatii k rassmotreniyu zhaloby grazhdanki Dubrovinoi Neli Vladimirovny na narushenie ee konstitutsionnykh prav punktom 3 stat'i 3 i punktom 6 stat'i 15 Zakona Rossiiskoi Federatsii "O statuse sudei v Rossiiskoi Federatsii"»[Elektronnyi resurs] Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoi sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus»
18.
Osnovnye gosudarstvennye zakony // PSZ RI. Sobr. III. Tom XXV. 1905. Otdelenie I. № 27805.
19.
Postanovlenie VTsIK ot 11.11.1922 «O vvedenii v deistvie Polozheniya o sudoustroistve R.S.F.S.R.» // SU RSFSR. 1922. № 69. Ct. 902.
20.
Postanovlenie SND RSFSR ot 12.07.1991 № 1598-1 «Ob utverzhdenii Zakona RSFSR "O Konstitutsionnom Sude RSFSR"» // Vedomosti SND i VS RSFSR. 25.07.1991. № 30. St. 1016.
21.
Pravo. 1907. № 5.
22.
Pravo. 1907. № 14.
23.
Pravo. 1908. № 6.
24.
Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi istoricheskii arkhiv. F. 1362. Op. 1. D. 570.
25.
Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi istoricheskii arkhiv. F. 1362. Op. 1. D. 571.
26.
Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi istoricheskii arkhiv. F. 1362. Op. 1. D. 573
27.
Reshenie Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 14.02.2013 № AKPI12-1672 «Zakon priznaet nesovmestimym so statusom sud'i v otstavke sam fakt nesoblyudeniya ustanovlennykh dlya sudei ogranichenii i zapretov i ne predusmatrivaet, chtoby nevypolnenie pred''yavlyaemykh k sud'yam trebovanii imelo mesto na vremya rassmotreniya kvalifikatsionnoi kollegiei sudei voprosa o prekrashchenii otstavki sud'i» [Elektronnyi resurs]. Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoi sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus»
28.
Ryzhov K.B. Printsip svobodnoi otsenki dokazatel'stv i ego realizatsiya v grazhdanskom protsesse. M.: Infotropik Media, 2012. 240 s.
29.
Svod osnovnykh gosudarstvennykh zakonov // Svod zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii. T. 1. SPb., 1913.
30.
Sbornik opredelenii Soedinennogo prisutstviya i Obshchego sobraniya pervogo i kassatsionnykh departamentov (1902-1912 gg.) i Vysshego distsiplinarnogo prisutstviya (1885-1912 gg.) Pravitel'stvuyushchego Senata.-SPB: Senatskaya tipografiya, 1913 gg. – 450 s.
31.
Trufanov S. V. Deyatel'nost' sovetskoi sudebnoi sistemy v 50-e – 70e gg. XX veka (po materialam Kurskoi oblasti): Dis. … kand. ist. nauk. Kursk, 2013. 185 s.
32.
Uchrezhdenie sudebnykh ustanovlenii. Izd. 1892 g. // Svod zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii. T. 1. SPb., 1912.
33.
Federal'nyi zakon ot 17 dekabrya 1998 g. № 188-FZ «O mirovykh sud'yakh v Rossiiskoi Federatsii» // SZ RF. 21 dekabrya 1998 g. № 51. Ct. 6270.
34.
Federal'nyi zakon ot 25 dekabrya 2008 g. № 274-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenii v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossiiskoi Federatsii v svyazi s prinyatiem Federal'nogo zakona "O protivodeistvii korruptsii"» // SZ RF. 29 dekabrya 2008 g. № 52 (chast' I). Ct. 6229.
35.
Federal'nyi zakon ot 8 dekabrya 2010 g. № 338-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenii v stat'i 1 i 5 Federal'nogo zakona "O mirovykh sud'yakh v Rossiiskoi Federatsii" i stat'yu 6 Zakona Rossiiskoi Federatsii "O statuse sudei v Rossiiskoi Federatsii"» // SZ RF. 13 dekabrya 2010 g. № 50. Ct. 6596.
36.
Federal'nyi konstitutsionnyi zakon ot 21 iyulya 1994 g. № 1-FKZ «O Konstitutsionnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii» // SZ RF. 25 iyulya 1994 g. № 13. Ct. 1447.
37.
Shagin I. A. Vzaimootnosheniya narodnykh sudov i organov gosudarstvennoi vlasti Pskovskoi gubernii v 1920-1925 gg. // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2013. № 1 (27): v 2 ch. Ch. II. C. 210-213.
38.
Shchedrina Yu.V. Gosudarstvennaya politika v sfere obespecheniya nezavisimosti sudei v Possii v 1905-1917 gg. // Pravo i politika. 2016. № 7. S.919-927. DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2016.7.13547
39.
I Vserossiiskii s''ezd sudei: [Elektronnyi resurs] // Sait Soveta Sudei Rossiiskoi Federatsii http://www.ssrf.ru/page/841/detail (data obrashcheniya – 04.06.2016)
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website