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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Problems of development of the Soviet civil law and procedure during the period of codification of the mid 1950’s – mid 1960’s
Biyushkina Nadezhda Iosifovna

Doctor of Law

Prodessor, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, N. I. Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University

603950, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, Gagarina Street 23

Asya_biyushkina1@list.ru
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Abstract.

This article focuses attention of the changes in civil law and procedure, which characterized the process of development and codification of the Soviet legislation over the period of mid 1950’s – mid 1960’s, as well as determines cause-and-effect relationship between the studied transformations and reforms of the Stalinist party-state and political-legal model. Examination of the principles of Soviet civil law and procedure was subjected to creative interpretation; particularly, the author conducted a detailed analysis of provision on the judicial independence in the Soviet State. The work explores the process of formulation and adoption of the fundamentals of civil legislation, as well as fundamentals of civil procedure of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and union republics of December 8, 1961. The opinions of the Soviet scholars-civilists related to the development of conceptual apparatus of the branch of the Soviet civil law are being researched and analyzed. The main conclusion of this work consists in the determined by the author multiple and exceptionally important changes in the Soviet civil and civil-procedural law during the studied period reflected in codification of the late 1950-1960’s, which contributed into restoration of the Socialist lawfulness. The author made an original conclusion that the conducted in 1950-1960’s codification of the Soviet civil law was based on the doctrine developed in the works of scholars-civilists in the 1940-1950’s, in other words, within the dominant system of state planning and its frameworks of directive distribution of virtually all material resources. The author’s special contribution lies in the fact that the qualitative political-legal transformations, which took place in USSR over the period of mid 1950’s – mid 1960’s, encouraged the development of the organizational-legal mechanisms of protection and preservation of rights of the Soviet citizens.

Keywords: Freedom of contract, Property right, Humanization, Democratism, Socialist lawfulness, XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Soviet State, Legislation, Civil procedure, Civil law

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2017.1.20663

Article was received:

07-10-2016


Review date:

07-10-2016


Publish date:

09-02-2017


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
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Biyushkina N.I. Printsipy sovetskogo prava v kontekste kodifikatsii 1950-kh – 1960-kh gg. // Genesis: istoricheskie issledovaniya. - 2015. - 6. - C. 291 - 310. DOI: 10.7256/2409-868X.2015.6.17096. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/hr/article_17096.html
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Biyushkina N.I. Osobennosti razvitiya sovetskogo ugolovnogo i ugolovno-protsessual'nogo prava v period kodifikatsii vtoroi poloviny 1950-kh – 1960-kh gg. // Pravo i politika. - 2016. - 6. - C. 781 - 790. DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2016.6.19522.
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