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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Conception, establishment, and development of the Russian investigative authorities: periodization of the historical process

Raschetov Vladimir Aleksandrovich

head of the Forensic Laboratory, Department of Forensics, the First Faculty of Advanced Training, Institute for Further Training at Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation

344064, Russia, Rostov-on-Don, str. Volokolamskaya, 3v

chumadym@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2017.4.18553

Review date:

30-03-2016


Publish date:

25-04-2017


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the genesis of the Russian investigative agencies, periodization of their development alongside dynamic of evolution. The conducted research of evolution of the investigative authorities, since their initial form as judicial agents until their modern state through the examination of the normative legal acts of corresponding periods in the Russian history, can conduce the adjustment of views of the legal scholars and practical workers upon the concept of single investigative apparatus, as the service of prosecutorial or judicial jurisdiction. The author concludes that the Russian pretrial investigation has deep traditions, which take its roots in Ancient Rus’, Muscovite Tsardom, Russian Empire, and Soviet Russia. Concern of the state regarding the increase in efficiency of the pretrial investigation and court procedure is caused by the urgency of the situation within social environment, which results in autocratic activity on its stabilization, including through formation of the new subjects, authorized to execute the criminal indictment. The scientific novelty lies in the applied during the course of historical-legal research foundation, which encouraged the determination of general periodization of the development of investigative agencies consisting of two stages and eight periods that reflect the most significant milestones in their historical path.

Keywords: Ancient Rus', model of pre-trial investigation, investigative authorities, judicial agents, periodization, evolution, genesis, Muscovite Tsardom, Russian Empire, Soviet Russia
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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