Статья 'Участие полиции в организации общественного призрения в Российской империи XIX века' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

The police involved in the organization of public charity in the Russian Empire of the XIX century

Shayakhmetova Tat'yana Evgen'evna

Adjunct of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law at Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

620107, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Vokzal'naya, 21

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Public charity in the Russian Empire, as a social activity, was a complex of legal and organizational measures aimed at social support and protection of vulnerable groups, creating conditions for the realization of their labor ability, and also measures of law enforcement, medical, religious and educational nature. The police involved in the field of public welfare was manifested in the efforts of state bodies in the sphere of public charity, primarily the Ministry of internal Affairs of the Russian Empire, which was responsible for its organization at Central and peripheral levels.Methodological basis of research is the dialectical-materialistic method of cognition of socio-legal phenomena, as well as historical and legal, system-structural, comparative legal, logical-theoretical and private scientific methods of study normative documents in combination with a systematic approach and analysis. The main conclusion of the conducted research was the provision that the police took an active part in the organization of public charity in the Russian Empire of the XIX century. The Ministry of internal Affairs practically since its formation in 1802, was entrusted to manage not only the orders of public charity, but most importantly the facility of all Affairs of the charity. It was an expression of the desire of the authorities to implement law enforcement and social functions by one Department. Performing a law enforcement function, the Ministry of internal Affairs have solved the problems of police surveillance and control the activities of charity societies and private persons, undertook measures for the prevention and suppression of vagrancy and begging.

Keywords: public administration, charities, Charter public charity, begging and vagrancy, Orders of public charity, The Ministry of Internal Affairs, public charity, police involvement, social activities, dependency
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Yanchenko I.L. Vzaimodeistvie Ministerstva vnutrennikh del Rossiiskoi imperii s gosudarstvennymi uchrezhdeniyami i obshchestvennymi organizatsiyami po voprosam obshchestvennogo prizreniya: istoriko-pravovoi aspekt: avtoreferat dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk.-Moskva, 2012.-S. 27.
Shayakhmetova T.E. Oformlenie i razvitie politseiskogo zakonodatel'stva v sfere obespecheniya «blagosostoyaniya» v Rossiiskoi imperii XIX veka // Genesis: istoricheskie issledovaniya. 2015. № 2.-S. 152-169.
Kenya I.A. Blagotvoritel'nost' v kontekste sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii: pravovye i regional'nye aspekty. // Genesis: istoricheskie issledovaniya. 2013. № 3.-S. 149-164.
Svod zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii. – Sankt-Peterburg, 1857. – T. XIII.
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