Статья 'Экономические и демографические особенности развития Тамбовской губернии накануне и в начальный период Первой мировой войны' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Economic and demographic peculiarities of the development of Tambov governorate immediately prior to and at the beginning of the World War II

Esikova Milana

Doctor of History

Professor, the department of History and Philosophy, Tambov State Technical University

392020, Russia, Tambov, Sovetskaya Street 106

milana.61@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.16488

Review date:

28-09-2015


Publish date:

25-12-2015


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the effect of the World War I upon the state of industry and agriculture, as well as the position of the working class and peasants of the Tambov governorate. The author points out that the general level of industrial production of the governorate prior to the war remained low. The majority of the industrial facilities were scatter throughout towns and villages. The Tambov workers were closely connected to land. The pre-war problems of the governorate’s agriculture consisted in the low level of technical equipment, work efficiency and crop capacity; it resulted in the prevalence of the subsistence economy with the improper organization of the territory, forced crop rotations, and the extensive production. Due to the war, industry and agriculture were experiencing the lack of the workforce, which became one of the key causes for the deep disruption in the economy. The author analyses the increase of speculation, and growth of the market prices on bread. It is noted that with the worsening of the economic situation in the country, the government intensified its interference into the economic life; however, it increased the uncontrollability of the economic processes. Scientific novelty consist in the attempt to solve certain issues which currently remain controversial: influence of the World War, mobilization of human and material resources for the army, importance of the government policy with regards to the working class and peasants on the example of Tambov governorate. The author highlights the negative effect of the war upon the functioning of the economy, and agriculture in particular, as well as the intensification of social differentiation and social tension in the village.

Keywords: war, army, industrial production, rural population, grain market, farm, market price, speculation, the food crisis, social tensions
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Porshneva O. S. Krest'yane, rabochie i soldaty Rossii nakanune i v gody Pervoi mirovoi voiny. M., 2004. 368 c.
2.
Ostrovskii A. V. Gosudarstvenno-kapitalisticheskie i kooperativnye tendentsii v ekonomike Rossii: 1914-1917 gg.//Rossiya i pervaya mirovaya voina (Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma). SPB. 1999. 564 c.
3.
Plimak E. G., Pantin I. K. Drama rossiiskikh reform i revolyutsii (sravnitel'no-politicheskii analiz). M., 2000. 360 c.
4.
Yasunskii V. K. Izmeneniya v razmeshchenii zemledeliya v Evropeiskoi Rossii s kontsa XVIII v. do Pervoi mirovoi voiny//Voprosy istorii sel'skogo khozyaistva, krest'yanskogo i revolyutsionnogo dvizheniya v Rossii. Sb. statei. M., 1961.
5.
Rogalina N. L. Agrarnyi krizis v rossiiskoi derevne nachala XX veka//Voprosy istorii. 2004. №7.
6.
Traditsionnyi opyt prirodopol'zovaniya v Rossii. M., 1998. 527 c.
7.
Privalova T. V. Pitanie rossiiskogo krest'yanstva na rubezhe vekov//Krest'yanovedenie. Teoriya. Istoriya. Sovremennost'. Ezhegodnik. M., 1997. 381 c.
8.
Rossiya. 1913 god. Statistiko-dokumental'nyi spravochnik. SPb., 1995.
9.
Kitanina T. M. Rossiya v Pervoi mirovoi voine 191401917 gg. Ekonomika i ekonomicheskaya politika. Ch.1. SPb., 2003. 148 s.
10.
Stranitsy istorii Tambovskogo kraya. – Voronezh. Tsentr.-Chernozem. Kn. Izd-vo. 1986. – 223 s.
11.
Sakharov A. N. Sel'skokhozyaistvennye raiony Tambovskoi gubernii. Tambov. 1928. 151 c.
12.
Sbornik ocherkov po voprosam ekonomiki i statistiki Tambovskoi gubernii. Tambov. 1923.
13.
Kitanina T. M. Voina, khleb i revolyutsiya (prodovol'stvennyi vopros v Rossii. 1914-oktyabr' 1917 g.). L., 1985. 384 s.
14.
Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Tambovskoi oblasti (GATO). F.4. Op.1.
15.
Kondrat'ev N. D. Rynok khlebov v Rossii i ego regulirovanie v gody voiny i revolyutsii. M. 1991. 487 c.
16.
Pouezdnye itogi sel'skokhozyaistvennoi perepisi Tambovskoi gubernii 1917 g. (Naselenie, skot, posev, sel'skokhozyaistvennyi inventar'). Tambov. 1921.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website