Статья 'Медицинская полиция в Российской империи XIX - начала XX вв.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Medical police in the Russian Empire of the XIX – beginning of XX centuries

Shayakhmetova Tat'yana Evgen'evna

Adjunct of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law at Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

620107, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Vokzal'naya, 21

Tatjanaermakovich@rambler.ru
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DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.15908

Review date:

16-07-2015


Publish date:

25-12-2015


Abstract.

The material welfare of the people depends on the implementation of government measures aimed at protecting the health of the population. The preservation of life and health it is necessary for the purpose of man, and to the safety and welfare of the state. These measures are the subject of the medical activities of the police. Under medical police should understand the system provided for by the legislation of the measures undertaken by the government and aimed at ensuring healthy living conditions, prevention of illnesses by removing the causes that contribute to their occurrence, and termination of diseases encountered.Methodological basis of research is the dialectical-materialist method of cognition of socio-legal phenomena, and the legal history, systemic-structural, comparative legal, logical-theoretical and specific scientific methods of study regulatory documents in conjunction with a systematic approach and analysis. The main conclusion of the conducted research was the provision that the police took an active part in activities aimed at protecting the health of the population of the Russian Empire in the XIX – early XX centuries, which was one of the ways to ensure the safety and welfare of the state. Measures of medical police were concentrated in the Arch of institutions and statutes on medical civil part, which was included in T. XIII of the code of laws of the Russian Empire of 1832, published in the edition of 1857 as Charter medical has become the fundamental legal act regulating medical-sanitary activities in Russia until 1917.

Keywords: medical police, Charter medical, city police, the regional police, the urban inhabitants, oppresive, poisonous substances, rampant disease, The Ministry of internal Affairs, Charter medical police
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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