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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

On the Activity of Judicial Representatives of Rural Groups in Uyezds of the Russian North at the End of the XVIIIth Century

Voropanov Vitalii

PhD in History

Docent, the department of State Management and Legal Support of State and Municipal Service, Chelyabinsk Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation

454077, Russia, Chelyabinskaya oblast', g. Chelyabinsk, ul. Komarova, 26, aud. 1209

vvoropanov@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2015.2.13938

Review date:

07-12-2014


Publish date:

07-02-2015


Abstract.

The object of the present research is the judicial system of the Russian Empire at the end of the XVIIIth century, the subejct of the research is the peculiarities of the implementation of the institution of judicial representatives that was established in 1775 in the territory of the Russian North (the case studies of Vologda and Arkhangelsk Governorates). In his article Voropanov analyzes the practice of substituting for the position of the 'judge' in governorate and uyezd courts (upper and lower institutions of justice as well as uyezd police administration, i.e. lower zemstvo courts), experience of law-enforcing activities of people elected by peasant communities as well as the attitude of the population towards reformed bodies of 'official justice' and, as a consequence, effectiveness of the judicial and legal reformations undertaken by Yekaterina the Second. In order to solve the set goals, Voropanov has used both general and specific research methods that are usually used in philosophy, law, history and social studies. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes documents of management and record keeping of the local state authorities of the late XVIIIth century that have never been studied before but provide a great insight into both implementation of electoral legislation and court activities created as a result of local government reforms in 1775 - 1785. The author also examines the role of these documents in the regulation of public relations in the territory of the Russian North and effectiveness of judicial and legal tranformations performed by Yekaterina the Second. The conclusions made by the author do not only disprove the opinion that the judicial reform of 1775 - 1785 was unefficient but also allow to assess methods, means and results of the government's efforts on strengthening the balance of public relations, both between different social classes and ethnic groups and both in the Russian North and Russian Empire in general. 

Keywords: Russian Empire, reforms, law, justice, judicial system, estates elections, judicial representatives, legal culture, public administration, Russian North
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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