Статья 'Вопросы судопроизводства в дхармашастре Яджнавалкьи' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Questions of Legal Proceedings in Yajnavalkya's Dharma-Shastra

Beznosova Yana Viktorovna

post-graduate student of the Department of the Theory and History of State and Law at National Research University 'Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod'

603115, Russia, Nizhni Novgorod Region, Nizhni Novgorod, str. Ashkhabadskaya, 4, room No. 25

sunrise148@rambler.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2306-420X.2014.6.13685

Review date:

11-11-2014


Publish date:

25-11-2014


Abstract.

As one of the most important categories of all traditional Indian culture the concept of a Dharma as the certain moral installation ordered to each individual depending on his belonging to this or that social group (Varna) and which to it should adhere during all life acts. To help the individual with following to the Dharma special treatises – the dkharmashastra containing religious, ethical and legal instructions were formed. From the point of view of a number of scientists, on extent of illumination of legal material, and also quality of his statement from all reached us Old Indian Dharma-Shastra of Yajnavalkya which drawing up is referred to the II century AD is allocated. The considerable volume of legal material of the specified Dharma-Shastra is devoted to questions of administration of justice. Application of a general scientific system method, the analysis, synthesis, comparison, and also private-law method of interpretation of the right allowed to draw a conclusion on existence of enough developed standards of procedural character in Ancient India during the studied period. So, the most thorough image the questions concerning evidentiary base were regulated. In particular, requirements to written documents, the status of witnesses registered, the principle of a spontaneity in research of proofs was established. Requirements to judges were fixed an order of submission of the statement of claim in court, possibility of revision of the judgment, etc. was provided.

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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