Статья '«Записки из Мертвого дома» Ф.М. Достоевского как документально-художественный источник изучения истории государства и права' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

“Notes from a Dead House” by F.M. Dostoyevskij as a Documentary-Artistic Source of Learning the History of State and Law

Kodan Sergei Vladimirovich

Doctor of Law

Professor, the department of Theory of State and Law, Merited Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Ural State Law Academy; Editor-in-Chief of the Scientific Journal “Genesis: Historical Studies”

620137, Russia, Sverdlvskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Komsomol'skaya, 21, of. 210

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The subject of the research is a source study of history of the Russian state and law. The study of history is based on positive and legal sources: legislation, law enforcement practice, documentary materials.  Law historians underestimate the role of sources of personal nature, such as memoirs, diaries, epistolary heritage. Among these sources of historic and juridical information a special place is take by documentary-artistic works that reflect personal impressions of a writer who is a direct participant or an observer of the events described. Regarding this, “The Notes from a Dead House” by F.M. Dostoyevskij is a unique historic evidence which can be viewed as a historical source and a medium of information about the past for a law historian. The subject of the research is to define the basic characteristics of a certain literary work under research as a historic and juridical source for finding out the qualitative characteristics and peculiarities of this information source and also to use the scheme and method of research of a certain literary work for creating a matrix of research work with such kind of sources. The methodology of the research is based on using the methods and techniques of different sciences and consists of relying on their approaches. The methodology of historical source study lets us rely on modern approaches to study the historic information sources of personal nature (within the article limits) (informative, communicative and biographical) in the context of the author’s live and peculiarities of a certain literary work. The scientific novelty of the article consists in the analysis of a certain literary work and to study it as a historic and juridical source of knowledge of the State and law in retrospective projection, attracting the law historians’ attention to the information sources that are out of normative and official documentary acts. Using documentary artistic works for studying politics and law, studying the real functioning of governmental and law institutions reflected in these works, aspiration to understand the difficulty and depth of the processes in the epoch under research and the influence they had on the writer’s personality let widen the limits of History of the State and Law, involve this juridical science in the discussion on the topic of “Literature and Law”.  Methodological approaches and methods of work with documentary artistic works as with historic information media are shown on the example of the certain work of literature. 

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Sm.: Zapiski iz Mertvogo doma F.M. Dostoevskogo. SPb., 1862. Ch. 1-2. Dalee po testu tsitiruetsya: Dostoevskii F.M. Zapiski iz Mertvogo doma // Dostoevskii F.M. Polnoe sobr. soch. v 30 t. M., 1972. T. 4.
Sm.: Rasskaz, ne voshedshii v tekst «Zapisok iz Mertvogo doma». Iz vospominanii A.P. Milyukova. // Dostoevskii F.M. Polnoe sobr. soch. v 30 t. M., 1972. T. 4. Prilozhenie.
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Dostoevskii F.M. Sobr. soch. v 15 t. SPb., 1996. T. 15. S. 92.
Milyukov A.P. Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevskii // F.M. Dostoevskii v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov. M., 1990. T. 1. S. 275.
Tam zhe.
Gertsen A.I. Sobranie sochinenii v 30-ti t. T. 18. M., 1959. S. 219.
Milyukov A.P. Ukaz. soch. S. 279.
Sm.: Shchennikov G.K. Dostoevskii i russkii realizm. Sverdlovsk, 1978. S. 87.
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