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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "Philosophy of love"
Philosophy of love
Chugunova I. - To the problem of love in Nietzschean philosophy pp. 57-66


Abstract: The theme of love in Nietzsche’s works sounded revolutionary for his contemporaries, as well as in sharp contrast with the dominant at that time ethical views. However, even in our time, having experienced the impact of existentialism and philosophical postmodernism, Nietzschean perception of love, remains paradoxical and dialectically complicated. In his doctrine, Nietzsche expresses the challenging antitheses: he replaces the evangelical love to the “neighbor” with love to “others”; altruism – with love to “yourself”; and the very notion of love is tightly intertwines with hatred and war. Nietzschean category of love becomes the subject of a peculiar conceptual interpretation, requiring a certain transformation of thinking, as well as value co-readiness with the philosophical assertions of Nietzsche. The author examines the meanings of Nietzschean understanding of love in the context of human nature, reveals the questions of axiology of love, and reviews its relationship with the notion of hatred. The work demonstrates the in the foundation of pathos of Nietzsche’s doctrine is love namely to the highest beginnings in human being, which dominates over utilitarianism.
Byrdin V.M. - Interpersonal Philogenesis pp. 183-216


Abstract: The concept of the interpersonal birth and development of sexual love is offered. As a whole in genesis of love interpersonal, ontogenetic and sociocultural subgenesis is allocated. Love is naturally viewed as the attraction and positive feeling of the spiritual, esthetic and sexual nature. Ontogenetic roots generate the objectless love or a so-called philopotential of a person (from a Greek 'phileo' which means 'love'). The basis of these roots is a psychosexual maturity. Spiritual and esthetic components of the philopotential of a mature personality are also important. Interpersonal philogenesis is the proces of objectification of love as a result of a meeting, communication and relationship of a diad. The supremacy of a psychological factor in the objectification of love, especially in reciprocal and mutual philogenesis is established. The esthetic inclination naturally advances spiritual (the phenomenon of an esthetic advancing), its ultra - a phenomenon – love at first sight ("the genius of pure beauty" – at Pushkin, an arrow of Cupid – in religion, etc.) . In mutual philogenesis the following factors are essential: 1) equality of philopotentials; 2) compliance of esthetic mutually estimates; 3) mutual adequacy to the personified stereotype and individual idea of love. The scheme of a typical philogenesis is offered. For the birth of love the beginning of the relation to the individual as to object of love in unconscious, emotional, informative and behavioural aspects is accepted. Alternativeness (choice problem) in love is studied. Unconscious mechanisms in alternativeness and in philogenesis are discussed. The author also views the  phileo-appertception and phileo-catharsis and their communication with alternativeness. Non-reversability of mature,  moral love and its ethic and psychological importance, making a basis of advanced marriage and family is proved.
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