Philosophical Thought
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Contents of Issue № 05/2019
Contents of Issue № 05/2019
Philosophy of science
Poberezhnyi I.A. - Intuition in mathematics: from intuitivism of Henri Poincaré to intuitionism of L. E. J. Brouwer Hermann Weyl pp. 1-6


Abstract: Leaning on the works of H. Poincaré, H. Weyl, A. Heyting, V. F. Asmus and other, this article demonstrates the correlation between the ideas of intuitivism of H. Poincaré and the ideas of intuitionism of L. E. J. Brower and H. Weyl. The subject of this research is the role of intuition in formation of the fundamentals of mathematical science. The author examines the state of mathematical science at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, as well as the crises of the foundations of mathematics. The firs trend of the philosophy of mathematics pursuing to overcome this crisis became the Russell’s logicism – an attempt to form mathematics on the logical basis, excluding the intuitive elements. Leveling criticism at this trend, H. Poincaré develops a doctrine on the priority of intellectual intuition in the formation of mathematics. The article reveals the heuristic value of Russell’s ideas for both, the advancement of science, and comprehension of the nature of scientific creativity. The author describes their correlation with the ideas of H. Poincaré regarding the priority of intellectual intuition. The ideas of intuitionists, in turn, expressing the moods of scholars with humanistic reasoning, became a fruitful ground for the development of ontological and gnoseological foundations of mathematics.
History of ideas and teachings
Savintsev V.I. - Space and time in metaphysics of S. N. Trubetskoy pp. 7-14


Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the concepts of “time” and “space” in S. N. Trubetskoy’s concrete idealism. The object of this research is the Russian religious philosophy of the XIX-XX centuries. The author examines such aspects of the topic as the origin of temporal concept of S. N. Trubetskoy on the background of German idealism, English empiricism, positivism and voluntarism; substantive innovations introduced by the Russian philosopher into interpretation of these concepts; as well as the question of the feasibility of their implementation in realization of the gnoseological principle of  “universal compatibility of all that exists”. The author applies the traditional set of methods: philosophical reconstruction, system-structural analysis, hermeneutic and comparative methods. The following conclusions are made: space and time in the views of S. N. Trubetskoy have a real ideal nature of manifestation, which differs his approach from Kant’s and Solovyev’s; being the forms of sensuality, they, on the one hand,  “really” substantiate the unity of the world, and on the other – “ideally” present to the consciousness things in their diversity. The author’s special contribution into this research consists in the systemic analysis of dialectical approach of S. N. Trubetskoy in conceptualization of space and time. The similar specialized research dedicated to S. N. Trubetskoy’s concrete idealism has not been previously conducted.
Question at hand
Bezlepkin N.I. - pp. 15-24


Man and mankind
Koptelova T.I. - pp. 25-36


Philosophy of liberty
Viazinkin A. - pp. 37-48


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