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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Contents of Issue № 05/2018
Contents of Issue № 05/2018
Philosophical anthropology
Rakhimova M.V. - “Second code” and biology of destiny: what does epigenetics say about the textual nature of a human? pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.26094

Abstract: This article discusses the problem of human textuality as an interdisciplinary philosophical problem. Within the framework of the claimed problem, human is textual on biological, as well as social levels of matter patterning. The author leans on the analogy between genome and book, language, scenario, library, text that is often use by Western genetic scientists to explain the biochemical processes taking place at the genetic level. Attention is given to the second (epigenetic) code that is responsible for independence and individuality of the cells, their cellular “memory” (epigenetic program, epigenetic switches). The article also considers the problem of human biological destiny controlled by the second epigenetic code. The author underlines the dependence of the second code from external factors that can affect a human (epigenetic landscape). The scientific novelty is defined by examination of the textual nature of a human as holistic nature, which include genetic, epigenetic, social, and cultural levels. It is assumed that Human is a text that is infinitely written by the Nature, as well as Human himself at all levels of matter patterning.
Ethics
Mekhed G.N. - The idea of meta-subjectivity and the problem of autonomy in Kant’s ethics pp. 12-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.26160

Abstract: This article examines Kant’s ethics through the prism of general philosophical idea of meta-subjectivity, the most basic theoretical foundation for which is the embarked by Kant in the “Critique of Pure Reason” substantiation of the principles of critical rationalism. The author demonstrates how the idea of meta-subject (transcendental subject), introduced by Kant in the theory of cognition, affects his interpretation of a number of fundamental traditional concepts of ethics, such as “moral subject”, “freedom of will”, and especially “autonomy”. It turns out that the concept of autonomy and its interpretation by Kant is associated with a number of emanating problems, particularly the problem of moral evil and problem of responsibility, “authorship” of the doings. Methodology of the research leans directly on Kant’s texts with fairly loose interpretation, as well as comparative research of the key sources of Kant studies with regards to autonomy. The article allows tracing the conceptual link between Kant’s transcendentalism and other related philosophical teachings, all the way from Upanishads in Antiquity until the contemporary “open individualism” of D. Kolak, as well as the concepts in spirit of the “integral approach” of K. Wilber.
Ontology: being and nihility
Naumov O.D. - Oblivion of the archaic as the source of the philosophical inquiry about being pp. 26-36

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.23144

Abstract: The object of research in this article is the phenomenon of archaic mythological ontology, the subject of the questioning strategy about being formed within the framework of the mentioned cultural and historical epoch. The main task of the research is to represent the phenomenon of oblivion as one of the main strategies of questioning about being within the framework of the archaic era. The phenomenon of oblivion is conceptualized and is considered in the following aspects: metaphylosophical, ontological, epistemological, anthropological. As a result, the phenomenon of oblivion is analyzed as one of the mechanisms that realize the transformation of the archaic Myth and the ancient Logos. The study is based on the application of the following methods: the method of conceptual analysis, the hermeneutic method, the method of deconstruction, comparative analysis, and the psychoanalytic tradition of research on repressed consciousness phenomena.
History of ideas and teachings
Skorokhodova S.I. - pp. 37-46

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.24969

Abstract:
Philosophy of science
Iashin B.L. - pp. 47-61

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.24677

Abstract:
Social philosophy
Nemtsev I.A. - pp. 62-67

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.23143

Abstract:
Philosophy of liberty
Alenevskii I.A. - pp. 68-76

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.23231

Abstract:
Dasein of the human being
Barinov D.N. - pp. 77-82

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.24730

Abstract:
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