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Philosophical Thought

Cognitivism and Non-Cognitivism in the Humanities

Maximov Leonid Vladimirovich

Doctor of Philosophy

Leading Scientific Associate, Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

109240, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12 str. 1, of. 421






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Abstract: The term ‘cognitivism’, which is key for this article, has been borrowed from metaethics and ‘cognitive sciences’. However, it is used here in a broader meaning: what the author has in view is a special methodological approach, according to which mind (spirit, mentality) as a whole and in all its species may be reduced to belief, knowledge and cognition. This approach is manifested, in particular, in the use of epistemological concepts (such as the truth, experience, empirical data, theory, etc.) for the formulation and resolution of value (ethical, aesthetic, legal, etc.) problems. Sharing a generally non-cognitivist position, the author at the same time views cognitivism not simply as a ‘mistake’ in the interpretation of mind, but as a paradigmal methodological principle deeply implanted in the sphere of the philosophy and the humanities.

Keywords: cognitivism vs. non-cognitivism, cognitivist fallacy, cognitive reductionism, knowledge vs. value, paradigm, humanities, philosophy of mind, psychologism vs. anti-psychologism, metaethics, emotivism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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