Статья 'Марксистский гуманизм в СССР: творческое развитие марксизма-ленинизма или реакция? ' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy > Editorial board
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Philosophical Thought

Marxist Humanism in the USSR: the Creative Development of Marxism-Leninism or reaction?

Emel'yanov Andrei Sergeevich

PhD in Philosophy

Senior Educator, the department of Philosophy, Kursk State University

305000, Russia, Kurskaya oblast', g. Kursk, ul. Radishcheva, 33, of. 325

Другие публикации этого автора




Review date:


Publish date:


Abstract: The article analyzes the features of the formation of Marxist humanism in the Soviet Marxist-Leninist philosophy of the 50s and 60s. The prerequisites for the emergence of Marxist humanism in the USSR, in addition to the material of the "Manuscripts of 1844", should include the widespread spread of social democratic revisionism among representatives of Soviet social science thought. The article pays special attention to the influence of foreign tradition on the content and problems of domestic Marxist humanism (in particular, the French Communist Party and such theorists as R. Garodi and L. Sav). In addition, the study analyzes the conceptual positions of Soviet philosophers regarding the nature of humanism during the period of socialist construction (M. Petrosyan, P. Fedoseeva, G. Smirnova, I. Frolova). In particular, the issues of the correlation of socialist and bourgeois humanism, the correlation of personal and social under the socialist system, the concept of "comprehensive personality development" under communism, discussions about Marxist anthropology are considered. В  At the same time, it is emphasized that the solution of these (and some other) issues proposed within the framework of domestic Marxist humanism was idealistic and divorced from the real practice of socialist construction. In conclusion, the article concludes that Marxist humanism in the Soviet Union was not a creative development of the provisions of Marxist-Leninist philosophy, but was, for the most part, a reworked social-democratic and neo-Marxist revisionism. In our opinion, this conceptual and categorical "sabotage" led to the theoretical and ideological substitution of Marx's provisions instead of their development, which became one of the reasons for the "decomposition" of the party and its loss of the status of the "leading force of the proletariat" in the USSR.

Keywords: humanism, personality, marxist anthropology, abstract humanism, proletarian humanism, Marxist-Leninist philosophy, marxist humanism, dialectical materialism, French Communist Party, human
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Korsakov S.N., Sineokaja Ju.V., Pushhaev Ju.V. (2018), Soviet philosophy and philosophy of the Soviet period as a subject of research, Chelovek, no. 4, pp. 71–93. https://doi.org/10.31857/S023620070000324-3(In Russian).
Kobylkin I. (2021), «Thought-Activity» Governmentalism: History and Class Consciousness of a Manager, Neprikosnovennyj zapas. Debaty o politikeikul'ture, no. 135, pp. 183–198. https://doi.org/135_nz_1_2021/article/23398 (In Russian).
Dudnik S.I. (2013), Marx against the USSR. Critical Interpretations of Soviet Historical Experience in Neo-Marxism. SPb.: Nauka. (In Russian).
Dudnik S.I. (2018), Karl Marx and the problem of humanism, Vestnik SPbGU. Ser. Filosofija konfliktologija, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 462–473. https://doi.org/10.21638/ spbu17.2018.401 (In Russian).
Shihardin N.V. (2009), French neo-Marxism: the confrontation between humanism and scientism. Kurgan: Kurgan State University Publ. (In Russian).
Colletti, L. (1992), Introduced. Karl Marx. Early Writings. trans. R. Livingstone & G. Benton. London: Penguin Books. pp. 7–56.
Anderson P. (1991), Reflections on Western Marxism. M.: Inter-Verso. pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
Kondrashov P.N. (2020), Karl Marx on the generic essence of man, Antinomii, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 22–48. https://doi.org/10.24411/2686-7206-2020-10302 (In Russian).
Ojzerman T.I. (1986), Formation of the philosophy of Marxism. 3-e izd. M.: Mysl'. (In Russian).
Arhiv literatury RF. F. 3. Op. 34. D. 158. L. 118-121. (In Russian).
Garodi R. (1959), Marxist Humanism: Five Controversial Essays, per. s fr. S.A. Jefirova, G.B. Agatekova; obshh. red. M.T. Iovchuka. M.: Inostrannoj literatury Publ. (In Russian).
Sjev L. (1972), Marxism and personality theory, per. s franc. I.S. Vdovinoj, Je.A. Grossman; red. ivstup. st. G.A. Kursanova. M.: Progress. (In Russian).
Petrosjan M.I. (1955), Marxism and Humanism, Voprosy filosofii, no 3, pp. 45–59. (In Russian).
Volzhin V.P. (1955), Humanism and Socialism. M.: AN SSSR. (In Russian).
Petrosjan M.I. (1959), Communism – the full embodiment of real humanism, Kommunist, no 7, pp. 71–79. (In Russian).
Fedoseev P.N. (1964), Humanism in the modern world, Man and the era: sb. nauch. trudov. M.: Nauka, pp. 18–27. (In Russian).
Fedoseev P.N. (1967), Fundamentals of Scientific Communism, 2-e izd. M.: Politizdat. (In Russian).
Kon I.S. (1967), Sociology of Personality. What philosophers work and argue about. M.: Politizdat. (In Russian).
Morozova I.S., Samarskaja E.A. (1975), Marxist Humanism: Scientific and Ideological Aspects, Problems of Humanism in Marxist-Leninist Philosophy. M.: Politizdat, pp. 24–46. (In Russian).
Il'enkovJe.V. (1991), On the essence of man and humanism in the understanding of Adam Schaff (On the book of Adam Schaff «Marxism and the human individual»), Philosophy and Culture. M.: Politizdat. (In Russian).
GeorgievJu.F., Sharonov V.V. (1979), Historical materialism as a theory of the integrity of man, Methodological problems of the study of man in Marxist philosophy. L.: LGU, pp. 23–24. (In Russian).
Frolov I.T. (1979), Human Perspectives: Experience of Complex Problem Formulation, Discussions, Generalizations. M.: Politizdat. (In Russian).
Konstantinov F.V. (1968), Marx and Humanism, Marxism and Our Era. M.: Politizdat, pp. 161–175. (In Russian).
Ljubutin K.N. (1981), The Problem of Subject and Object in German Classical and Marxist-Leninist Philosophy. M.: Vysshaja shkola. (In Russian).
Lukach D. (2003), History and Class Consciousness. Studies in Marxist Dialectics. M.: Logos-Al'tera. (In Russian).
Muhachev V.V. (1989), The Formation of Marxian Humanism, The Humanistic Function of Marxist-Leninist Philosophy: sb. nauch. trudov. Sverdlovsk: UrGU, pp. 28–42. (In Russian).
Muhachev V.V. (1986), Categories «humanism» and «communism» in the «Economic and philosophical manuscripts of 1844 by K. Marx», Filosofskie nauki, no 2, pp. 65–84. (In Russian).
Marks K., Jengel's F. (1955), Works, vol. 1. M.: Politizdat. (In Russian).
Kecan O. (1970), Humanism and difficulties due to the theoretical ambiguity of this concept, Voprosy filosofii, no 5, pp. 71–88. (In Russian)
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.

Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website