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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Ontology of the three worlds in the context of Buddhist philosophy

Abramov Petr Dmitrievich

ORCID: 0000-0003-1918-0913

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

117437, Russia, Moskva, g. Moscow, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1

abramovpd@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2021.9.36420

Review date:

07-09-2021


Publish date:

02-10-2021


Abstract: Dalai Lama notes that the Buddhist system of the objects of the realm largely coincides with such developed by Karl Popper. The subject of this article is ontology of the three worlds. The goal lies in analysis of the components of this ontology, demonstration of its prospects and advantages over dualism. First come matter or physical objects; second come mind, subjective reality; third come abstract concepts. Any object of reality is reduced to one of the three worlds and is refracted in a peculiar way in the other two. The third world is the mediator between others worlds; and the autonomous sphere that is not fully conditioned by them. We experience through representations, rather than directly, which is depicted in Buddhism as the image of a gloved hand. The knowledge concentrated in the third world contribute to development of consciousness. A thought experiment with the central and peripheral atoms reveal that there are no indivisible elements and everything exists in mutually dependent, while Buddhist logic substantiates that love and compassion can develop boundlessly. The concept of interdependent existence and non-substantiality of things draws Buddhism and quantum physics closer together. On the one hand, consciousness cannot be naturalized, reduced to matter; and on the other hand, it is inextricable from the energy processes. The conclusion is made that the three fundamental attributes of consciousness in Buddhism outlined by Thubten Gyats (13th Dalai Lama) – subjectivity, intentionality, and reflexivity, can be complemented by another two –  ability to continuously develop virtues, positive traits, and t interdependence between consciousness and subtle forms of matter. The three realms of Buddhism are such only on the phenomenal level; however, on the noumenal level, which unlike Buddhism is not recognized by Popper, is not the trinity, but the unity.


Keywords: absolute reality, relative reality, three worlds, abstract concepts, consciousness, matter, evolution, interdependence, energy, Buddhist philosophy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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