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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Philosophical doctrine of N. A. Berdyaev on freedom that paves the way for creativity

Usmanova Larisa Timofeevna

PhD in Pedagogy

Docent, the department of General Disciplines, Gzhel State University

140155, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', Ramenskii r-n , p. Elektroizolyator, ul. Tsentral'naya, 67

usmanovaLara@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2019.12.31190

Review date:

29-10-2019


Publish date:

09-02-2020


Abstract: This article analyzes the philosophical views of the prominent successor of V. S. Solovyov, supporter of existentialism that laid the grounds for N. A. Berdyaev’s philosophy of personalism. In the process of studying the proposed by Russian philosopher concept of world structure, aimed at human and representing the opposite of spirit and nature, emphasis is made on the questions of the genesis of freedom in three forms of its existence (irrational, rational and freedom with love) and justification of human in the existence of evil through creative and positive transformation of the world. Analysis, generalization and systematization of the artistic heritage of N. A. Berdyaev are founded on the following positions of his theory: spirit includes life, freedom and creativity, while nature is a thing, mind and necessity; freedom was not created by God, but existed prior to Him, and thus, God is not responsible for the human’s free will. Personality in realized through ascension of the subconscious (irrational freedom) through the conscious (irrational freedom) to the superonscious (freedom of divine love). Berdyaev’s philosophy of personalism is viewed through the dominant role of personality that possesses the divine attributes of the Creator. The creative activity of a human is presented as supplementary to divine live, as “divine-human”.


Keywords: personality, freedom with love, rational, irrational, God, philosophy of liberty, creativity, teachings, spirit, personalism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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