Статья 'Десакрализация гражданства' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought

Desacralization of citizenship

Vinchkovskii Egor Vladimirovich

External Doctoral Candidate, the department of Modern Problems of Philosophy, Russian State University for the Humanities

125047, Russia, Moskva, g. Moscow, Miusskaya ploshchad', 6, of. 6




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Abstract: This article analyzes the current models of obtaining the status of citizen and changes of the principles of integration into the political community. Emphasis is made on interpretation of the concept of citizenship in the works of Ayelet Shachar, who suggested viewing citizenship solely as a network of human relationships. Such citizenship is defines by A. Shachar as the “earned” (Ius Nexi) that removes the problem of loyalty lottery in the citizenship by birth. She draws conceptual parallels between citizenship and property with regards to personal character, need for establishing social link between the citizen-proprietor and the thing-status. Due to similar interpretation of political membership, A. Schahar critically assessed another model of entering the community as “citizenship for investments” that breaks the genetic relation of the citizen and the state. The study leans on the method of philosophical comparativism and systemic analysis which allow viewing the reception of philosophical ideas in the context of legal and political practices of the states, clarify their mutual influence. The author argues for the concept “citizenship for investment”, primarily as the new way of obtaining political membership. Multiple identities within personality must suggest multiple grounds for the emergence of such identity. In terms of resumption of the link between the ideas of citizenship and property, is highlighted an evident trend of turning the status into a commodity and possibility of selling it. The author believes that the explored models of obtaining the status of citizen open a new horizon for the studies dedicated to multiculturalism and mechanism of the formation of loyalty.

Keywords: status, identity, migration process, property, integration, citizenship, multiculturalism, social connection, naturalization, investments
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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