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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Philosophical origins of socialism in A. D. Gradovsky’s political theory
Kupriianov Viktor

PhD in Philosophy

Scientific Associate, St. Petersburg Branch of S. I.Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

199034, Russia, Sankt-Peterburg, g. Saint Petersburg, nab. Universitetskaya, 5, of. 11

nonignarus-artis@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

This article is dedicated to examination of the interpretation of socialism suggested by A. D. Gradovsky – prominent representative of the Russian conservative liberalism. The goal of this research lies in identification of peculiarities of the criticism of socialism in Gradovsly’s writings and specificity of his liberal doctrine on the state and society in the context of the Russian anti-nihilistic literature of the XIX century. A more general research task is to explore the specificity of the Russian classical liberalism in its polemic with the socialist and conservative political doctrines. The author’s main contribution consists in the proof that A. D. Gradovsky understood socialism and classical liberalism, associated with the tradition of metaphysical rationalism, as the two identically destructive political doctrines with the shared philosophical origins. The author demonstrated that according to Gradovsky, the classical liberalism prioritizes the idea of individuality, while socialism underlines the idea of community against individuality. As a counterbalance to these two extremes, Gradovsky puts forth his theory of progressive nation, which suggests an organic synthesis of the principle of unity (community) alongside individuality that combines unity and plurality. The novelty of this research lies in determination of correlation between the concept of A. D. Gradovsky and the philosophy of romanticism, which leans on perception of the historicity of existence and focuses on the significance of national element within the structure of the state.

Keywords: slavophilism, anti-nihilistic literature, marxism, socialism, nihilism, Romanticism, Gradovsky, Russian liberalism, westernizm, political philosophy

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2019.8.30760

Article was received:

09-09-2019


Review date:

10-09-2019


Publish date:

08-10-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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