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Philosophical Thought

Explanatory model of reduction: epistemological and ontological aspects
Surovyagin Dmitriy Pavlovich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy, Saratov State Law Academy

410056, Russia, Saratovskaya oblast', g. Saratov, ul. Vol'skaya, 1, of. 621

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The subject of this research is the explanatory model of reduction, which was originally formulated by E. Nagel and further developed by C. Hempel, P. Oppenheim, J. Kemeny, K. Schaffner, W. Stegmuller and other philosophers of science. The article clarifies the definition of reduction and determines its two basic aspects – epistemological and ontological. If the ontological aspects suggests the reduction of the ideal characteristics and essences to material, then the epistemological aspect implies studying of logical relations between the terms and propositions of scientific theories. The pivotal thesis of the article consists in the statement that the majority of problems of reduction occurs due to the fusion of ontological and epistemological aspects. Therefore, such problems can be eliminated through philosophical analysis of the language of modern epistemology. Examination of epistemological reduction must be separated for the discussions around reductionism, because such discussions are the result of improper interpretation of the terms, and caused by bringing ontological problems into epistemology. The author critically reviews the epistemological status of binding laws, idea of emergence and value of the specifics of certain areas of scientific knowledge. The novelty of this work lies in clarification of the idea of reduction, comparative analysis of reduction and its explanation.

Keywords: epistemology, emergence, empiricism, reductionism, definition, theory, explanation, reduction, ontology, philosophical analysis
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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